Samantha is suffering from Alzheimer's and uses math to help remember things.
Samantha has two grandchildren.
Samantha youngest grandchild's age when raised to the power of the square root of her oldest grandchild's age is the age when Samantha was diagnosed with Alzheimer's.
Samantha knows her oldest grandchild was 2 years old when she was diagnosed with Alzheimer's.
If Samantha lives another 10 years the square root of her age then will be the same as the age of her oldest grandchild now.
Samantha's oldest grandchild is 5 years older than her youngest.
How old is Samantha and each or her grandchildren today? How old was Samantha when she was diagnosed with Alzheimer's?
age-puzzle(the kind of logic used here is so general that it applies to most puzzles of all kinds) $\endgroup$