Calculation is a solitaire variant known for its large skill ceiling; supposedly, the large majority of games can be won by skilled human players, whereas the games to be won by uninformed play are in a slim minority (of these two facts, I can only attest to the latter!).
I imagine that, like pretty much every other solitaire variant, there should be starting configurations of Calculation that are unwinnable even when you know all 48 cards in the deck in advance. Can you provide an example of such a configuration, with a human-verifiable proof that it cannot be won? Or can you prove that every configuration is winnable?
This is to assume no waste pile, and four tableaux.
Rules of Calculation: Suit never matters in this game, only rank. Take out an ace, two, three, and a four, and use them to start four foundation piles, and make the other 48 cards into a shuffled deck. Four tableaux piles start empty. The goal is to build the four sequential foundations:
- A,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,J,Q,K ("one foundation");
- 2,4,6,8,10,Q,A,3,5,7,9,J,K ("two foundation");
- 3,6,9,Q,2,5,8,J,A,4,7,10,K ("three foundation");
- 4,8,Q,3,7,J,26,10,A,5,9,K ("four foundation").
A legal move consists of either (1) drawing a card from the deck, and placing it on one of the four tableaux, or (2) taking a card from the top of a tableau and moving it to a foundation (but not to another tableau) which is ready to receive it. Play ends when you run out of legal moves, at which point you win if and only if all four foundations have been completed.