Going in clockwise, ignoring NW, we get the following...
N : AHOV
NE : BIPW
E : CJQX
SE : DKRY
S : ELSZ
SW : FMT
W : GNU
And let NW be the EOF character. Now this is where I'm bad with, how can we construct the final solution from these?
Using regular expression dictionary, I didn't manage to find anything, so I reduce to search with less characters ...
The translated text:
"Samuel Joseph Alfred":
I don't know how you guys normally do it, but this is how I translated from flags to morse code, since I'm a ruby developer (Not the best code, but it did the job :) ):
My comment was mostly tongue-in-cheek, but here's why I said it (excuse my bad MS Paint skills)
The first two are clear, but I've no idea what the third would be
I suppose, if I don't go quite as far, I get
Russian "Golgotha's Cross" (Greek letter Γ stands for G in russian Golgothas in Greek) (or Calvary Cross)
The items are: the spear (that penetrated Jesus' body) and the sponge (with vinegar) during Crucifixion.
Skull of Adam
The answer is
See this table for translation
A symbol of belief
Where to choirs some talk
With a minor adjustment
Of a circle on top
I am my brother
But my brother is not me
If you fill me for vacation
A new hint will you see
A friend to ensure
All work you have done
You’ll find me easily
If you fill the start of one
Go North East
After reading the Sconibulus very interesting answer, (he is the real solver) the two sequence are
And this is my possible and alternative interpretation
Conclusion: How many finger?
One more note
Sorry for some bad english! Thank you for the question
I couldn't decipher the message, so I will just share some properties I found in the cyphertext and the conclusions I drew from them, in the hope that someone can think of something.
The first and last blocks have a different number of characters. This could indicate that the spaces were added at fixed positions after the message was encrypted, and that the ...
Looks to me like it's just mirrored numbers incrementing by one each time...
Although, I would have thought '1' would be more like an upward pointing arrow as they seem to mostly be mirrored about the horizontal centre.
Just to add to the "Also, how should we approach such questions" part of your question, my first instinct upon seeing the puzzle was to notice that all four circles in each set appeared to be rotations of each other. Because the question asked for the 'odd one out', that gave me a hint that perhaps one of the circles, despite appearing to be the same as the ...