For starters, I've rectified the data in the image by manually adjusting UV coordinates in Blender:
I edited the rectified image in GIMP, first rescaling to 144x64, then adjusting colors until the resulting image data is perfectly clear (one or two errors may have crept in):
Now if you look closely, every second column is just alternating black/white. ...
I would argue that this is a poorly specified puzzle (as is common with these things). @MacGyver88's solution is completely valid. But you could equally say
In fact, if you assume that this is a column-by-column operation, you could set up a system of simultaneous equations to figure out what that operation was (assuming it was linear which is not ...
If we take this 9-by-9 grid, and
All columns, and all rows have a
So, the duplicates are (1,1 & 2,3), (3,1 & 2,2) and (2,1 & 3,3). We know from hint 3 that
This is one (of many many) solutions to this:
And here I'm stuck for now. I don't know the sequence yet, and there's a lateral thinking tag on this, so I might be way way off.
This is ...