64

These should do it: Just to show another example:


55

Explanation:


38

Yes. The minimum number of pieces required is 5. 5 queens can be places such that they cover every space on the board, as in the following example: There are 12 such arrangements, along with rotation and reflection of each of them. Edit: The above proves that 5 queens is enough, but it doesn't prove that 4 queens isn't enough. According to this ...


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Proof: Initially, there are an even number of knights on white squares (namely, there are two of them, at b1 and g8). Every time a knight moves, the number of knights on white squares either increases by one (if a knight on a black square moves) or decreases by one (if a knight on a white square moves). Either way, the parity changes each turn. Thus, if ...


36

There are more ones. Proof:


33

Strategy: How this works:


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Looks like: Thanks to @Gamow's comment, this number's maximality can be proved by self-contradiction of the assumption that it is not maximal. Any more dominos would cover all 64 squares. Assumption to be disproved: All squares can be covered with dominos.    A. As the top left corner must be covered, start with a horizontal domino there. (...


33

I'm not trying to solve the puzzle, I'm just interested in how many solutions there are, since the OP claims he doesn't know. I brute forced it with a program. There are First of all, there are 32432400 configurations, not taking rotations and reflections into account. Since the board has 16 squares, if we were to place the two kings anywhere, we'd be ...


33

The smallest sum that can be achieved is Because Reasoning


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Because: According to Wolfram-Alpha, there are One possible solution is: A list (and images!) of all


32

The Algoritm is : Then Here is the complete solution from Achim Flammenkamp Ph.D. There are totally 57 solutions


30

I believe this works as a short proof.


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There are Proof: Now I bet the ratio of good to bad is I wrote a little Python program (possibly buggy, so apply some skepticism, but I've tested the bit most likely to have bugs and it seems OK) to estimate the ratio by generating lots of random boards and counting good and bad ones. The result is


27

Give these names to all the squares: 163 4 8 725 Each number can only be accessed by way of the numbers before and after it (where 8 wraps around to 1). That means they form a loop. Since they can never pass each other up on the loop, their relative ordering cannot change. Therefore it is impossible.


27

I hope I didn't make any mistakes: Edit : Replace queens by king


26

I found a solution that uses 16 moves. After exhaustively checking that there is no solution in 14 moves, I conclude that 16 moves is optimal, because after any odd number of moves the number of white and black squares occupied by knights cannot be equal.


26

Suppose that we have a chessboard with the desired properties. Find the greatest number in each row. Out of these numbers, let the smallest be $m_i$ in row $i$. Find the smallest number in each row. Out of these numbers, let the largest be $n_j$ in row $j$. Note the following: Row $i$ contains only numbers that are at most $m_i$. Row $j$ contains only ...


26

We can work backwards to figure this out: Conclusion:


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This type of chess puzzle is known as a domination problem, and as @Xynariz points out, only five queens are needed for the 8x8 board. It's also interesting to note that five queens are also sufficient for the 9x9, 10x10, and 11x11 boards, as shown by the following diagram taken from a Russian chess-puzzle book found here.


23

Here is mine with passive kings, some minutes late :


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Answer:


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While (as other answers proved it) it is impossible to solve this just by using knights, the problem can still be solved. Matthew says "As I want to play white, my first move isn't really a secret. So I tell you what my first move would be, and you open with the move what you would have moved as an answer. After that I make the move I said, and then we can ...


21

No. Every move the pawn makes it switches from a white to a black square or vice versa. Therefore it must either touch an equal number of white and black squares with an even number of moves, or one more square of either color with an odd number of moves. (A move including initially placing it on the board.) Because there are two more white squares than ...


21

You need at least 16 Moves. Let's make the task visually more simple. The initial board is: a4 b4 c4 a3 b3 c3 a2 b2 c2 a1 b1 c1 We cut it into 12 cells and connect only those, which are separated exactly by one move of a knight. Easy to check that the result is the following: c4 - a3 - c2 - a1 | | | | b2 b1 b4 b3 ...


21

I'm not sure why you'd need ANY sort of dissection for this.


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This indeed is an old puzzle. One possible source (but certainly not the first one) is: Andy Liu: Two Applications of a Hamming Code The College Mathematics Journal 40, (Jan 2009), pp. 2-5 The trick on the $2^k\times2^k$ board is to associate each of the $2^{2k}$ squares with a unique binary number with $2k$ bits. (Note that the number of squares ...


20

Here's the solution: There's a very neat method for finding this, inspired by the no-computers way of solving another related puzzle. Namely, More specifically, given the constraints of this problem: How can we achieve this? The way I used (unique up to swapping of rows and columns) is That gives the following grid: which is what I put at the top in ...


19

It is not possible. The area of a $10 \times 10$ checkerboard is $100$, so it takes $25$ T pieces to have the same area. The checkerboard has the same number of red and black squares, but each piece covers three of one color and one of the other. $25$ pieces cannot cover $50$ squares of each color, the most even they can get is $51-49$


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