Questions tagged [strategy]

A puzzle whose solution is a methodological plan of action for realizing a specific goal.

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11
votes
4answers
2k views

Can you open the door or die?

You wake up and find yourself in a very strange room with a single door. You find a note on the ground surrounded by lots of cards: There are 66 green and 66 blue door cards on the ground. If you ...
30
votes
8answers
2k views

Wolves and sheep

All the sheep were living peacefully in the Land of Shewo. But suddenly they were struck by a danger. A few wolves dressed up as sheep entered the territory of Shewo and started killing the sheep one ...
8
votes
1answer
696 views

I am caught when I was about to steal some candies

I am a eight years old boy, I love candies, but my mom does not want me to eat any more candies because I start to have black teeth :( but I still love candies so... Today when I was about to steal ...
11
votes
2answers
547 views

2019 gold coins to share

You and your friend has found in total 2019 gold coins in a treasure hunt. Since your friend found the place to dig up, he deserves a bit more gold than you so you offer a game to share the coins to ...
8
votes
3answers
356 views

Four-in-a-line Puzzle

Disclaimer: This is an open-problem, I don't have a complete solution for this puzzle yet. We are playing a $2$-player game: you as a challenger and me as a judge. Initially, there is an empty ...
37
votes
2answers
4k views

Pirate democracy at its finest

With our pirate crew becoming too big, the captain grew very concerned about splitting all the treasure - we continued to split it equally, but, of course, each crew member got less and less with the ...
28
votes
3answers
3k views

12 Birds in the petshop

You decided to buy 2 birds from a pet shop and went to a pet shop for it. There are 12 budgerigars at the pet shop and you want a male and a female for your home. You cannot distinguish the gender of ...
18
votes
8answers
2k views

30 fake coins out of 99 coins

You are given 99 coins which consists of 30 fake ones. You also have a digital balance scale with perfect precision that shows how much difference between weighs you put on. For example, if you put 10 ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

99 coins into the sacks

You have 99 coins that you need to place into any number of sacks. After doing so, you write on each one the number of sacks that are lighter than that sack. For example, if you put 98 coins into one ...
5
votes
7answers
652 views

The selling of the sheep [closed]

I do not know the answer to this puzzle, and I found it in some old files I had Many years ago, there was a shepherd with 3 children. One day, while talking to the owner of the herd, the shepherd ...
6
votes
1answer
243 views

Dividing the gold

There is a king and 3 women in a castle. One day, the king give 3 women a total of 100 golds. He said that each woman can propose an idea to share the gold among themselves. If the proposal passed ...
6
votes
2answers
6k views

Strategy for solving Flow Free puzzles

There is an app on the app store called Flow Free. Basically, there is a grid with a few sets of colored dots, and you need to connect each dot to the other dot of the same color, filling up the ...
17
votes
5answers
879 views

Blindfold Bingo

Congratulations, you have been selected from among the audience to compete in the fabulous Blindfold Bingo challenge! (cue annoying, yet catchy theme music.) Here you see our perfectly ordinary Bingo ...
4
votes
2answers
275 views

100 prisoners' names in boxes, against smart warden

My question, which I do not know the answer to, concerns the classic 100 prisoners and 100 boxes puzzle, summarized below. The solution to this assumes the names are placed in boxes randomly, and gets ...
27
votes
7answers
2k views

23 Clones and Two Lightbulbs

Rise and shine, Mister Bond. James awoke to find himself yet again imprisoned by an evil genius. At least, that's what he presumed. He was alone in a room with a strange device: it consisted of a ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

JonMark Perry's Grid Logic Puzzle

Consider the following puzzle type proposed by JonMark Perry. Start with a square grid of arrows, each one pointing in one of the four cardinal directions. For example: You start at the ...
21
votes
6answers
2k views

A game with 52 cards

Alice and Bob play the following game with two (identical) standard decks of $52$ cards. First Alice secretly arranges one deck of $52$ cards in a long row on the table. All cards are face-down, and ...
6
votes
2answers
265 views

“Balls in Boxes in a Sack” Weighing Problem

This puzzle is based on a competitive programming problem in SG NOI 2019. Let's assume there are $100$ balls with some labels (e.g. with $100$ different marks on them) having different weights of ...
7
votes
3answers
406 views

Writing differences on a blackboard

The numbers 25 and 36 are written on a blackboard. At each turn, a player writes on the blackboard the (positive) difference between two numbers already on the blackboard, if this number does not ...
14
votes
1answer
455 views

Keeping a ball lost forever

Suppose you can make a rectangular maze, where each cell (apart from the bottom-right) can contain an arrow in one of the four directions (up, down, left or right) of your choosing, except for those ...
8
votes
2answers
326 views

What other strategies can I use with this sudoku puzzle?

I have a sudoku puzzle that I have been doing for 270 hours. I never guess numbers and always thought that every move in sudoku had to have a logical explanation. Until the app generated this random ...
3
votes
1answer
200 views

$n$ buttons on a table

A generalization of Four buttons on a table: In a certain room there is a rotating round table, with 4 symmetrically located indistinguishable buttons. Each button can be either ”on” or ”off”, ...
0
votes
2answers
157 views

Finding a line on a plane

Imagine you are on an (in)finite 2d-plane (and confined to walk on it). There's a straight line somewhere on the plane, but you don't know where it is and neither can you find it by looking from afar. ...
32
votes
10answers
3k views

Variant of lion and 100 zebras

Note: This problem remains unsolved, as of 4 Feb 2018, so do try it out This a variation of this question by @Gamow Suppose there are $100$ lions and $100$ zebras. The lions function together as a ...
4
votes
1answer
444 views

Are there basic weighing puzzles requiring adaptive strategies?

Let us define a basic weighing puzzle as such: There are <number> identical balls, except one weighs <more/less/a different amount than the others> A balance scale may be used to weigh two ...
10
votes
3answers
786 views

Greedy Chocolate Eaters

Alicia and Bobby play a game with a rectangular chocolate bar, scored into an $m$ by $n$ grid of squares. The children alternate turns, with Alicia going first. On a child's turn, they must break ...
17
votes
2answers
502 views

What is the optimal strategy for this triangular board game?

I saw a board game somewhere and I want to know the optimal strategy for it. The game is played on a triangular board with 21 slots: The two players, red and blue, take turns to put numbered circles ...
12
votes
5answers
27k views

Of these five approaches to starting a jigsaw puzzle, which one is fastest?

Of the following 5 strategies for getting started assembling a jigsaw puzzle: Assembling the border and connecting other pieces to it Working your way out from one corner Trying to assemble faces ...
5
votes
2answers
194 views

Pick and roll and guess

The caretakers in a Home for the Golden Agers decided to have a guessing game for the old fellows. Two partner teams shall play the game and the winners shall have free access to the fridge for 1 week....
6
votes
1answer
255 views

Magic: the Gathering – The end of time

Thanks to NeedAName and his latest Magic: the Gathering Challenge I actually noticed there is a magic-the-gathering tag. It was quite some time ago that I played Magic the last time, but nevertheless ...
3
votes
1answer
252 views

Another variation of the game of Nim

Two players set several piles of chips. The piles are arranged in a row from left to right. By turns each player takes one chip from one of the piles and adds at will as many chips as he/she wishes (...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

General strategies for solving metal disentanglement puzzles

(When I talk about metal disentanglement puzzles, I have in mind Hanayama and Tavern puzzles.) As opposed to twisty puzzles - which I can approach by playing with commutators and conjugates as a way ...
1
vote
1answer
142 views

Guess the coin toss [duplicate]

You and your friend are put in two different rooms with just a coin and no way to communicate. You both toss the coin at the same time. Your task is for at least one of you to guess correctly what ...
1
vote
2answers
4k views

Burning Island - how to survive the fire? [closed]

A man is stranded on an island covered in forest. There are no other humans or animals, he is the only one who lives on the island. One day, when the wind is blowing from the west, lightning ...
-1
votes
1answer
122 views

Important steps and strategies for solving puzzles [closed]

What are the necessary steps for solving any puzzle?
10
votes
3answers
649 views

Fight Battle 21

Based off a very, very well-known puzzle The new RPG, Fight Battle 21, is now here! Now with the same three characters as the previous 20 editions! Knight: 6 HP, 60% chance to deal 3 damage Archer: ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Card game rigging

You and your friend are playing a game with a deck of cards numbered 1 to N. You will first put the deck of cards in whatever order you want. Next your friend will choose an option: "A" or "B". ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

Space saving dish washing

There are some stacks of dishes on the left side of the sink. There aren't any on the right side. A larger dish can never go on top of a smaller dish (this is valid for all stacks on both left and ...
1
vote
0answers
110 views

What are some tips to solve an environmental-based enigmatic puzzle (EBEP's)?

First, some rough definitions: enigmatic puzzle: a problem where the goal / answer should be well-defined (e.g. enter a certain word or phrase into an form which is accepted; find a clue to a ...
8
votes
4answers
530 views

Maxit negotiations

Your military junta has recently overthrown the government of Malta and taken control of the small island nation. As a way to finance your wise and just dictatorship, you have decided to threaten the ...
33
votes
2answers
774 views

lolcatz can haz ur infinit cheeseboard

This is a problem on an infinite chessboard with pieces called lolcatz. They can move like queens or knightriders, but have a strange disadvantage... ... you've never heard of knightriders? Well, ...
13
votes
3answers
543 views

Strategy to beat the Casino reversed

Let's consider Strategy to beat the Casino puzzle, but reverse it - fix number of losses and ask a question about amount of rounds: Two players, A and B, and the Casino play a game. The game ...
35
votes
5answers
2k views

Strategy to beat the Casino

Two players, $A$ and $B$, and the Casino play a game. It involves showing zeros or ones: each player picks $0/1$ and also the Casino picks $0/1$. If the Casino and both players $A$ and $B$ show the ...
2
votes
1answer
213 views

Master and Slave versus Bob: easy version

Continuation of: "Sub-puzzle: Master and Slave versus Bob the Violent but Honest Psychopath" Continued in: "Master and Slave versus Bob: hard version" Previously I described a game that is played ...
20
votes
4answers
1k views

Strategy to beat the casino over the long haul

$A$ and $B$ are attempting to beat the casino again, and the rules are the same: Each round, $A$, $B$, and the casino simultaneously decide to show a $0$ or a $1$. If all three numbers match, $A$ ...
0
votes
3answers
427 views

Rullo solving strategy for 2-4

How to eliminate/nominate candidates without guessing? For the 3s it's quite easy because of the odd numbers but how to get further?! For thoose who don't know the game, here's a short introduction:...
67
votes
5answers
7k views

Can the Policeman catch the Thief?

The town of Squareshire has six streets: four sides of a square and the lines joining the midpoints of opposite sides. $\hskip2in$ A policeman is chasing a thief along these streets. If they are ...
0
votes
3answers
350 views

Sub-puzzle: Master and Slave versus Bob the Violent but Honest Psychopath

[I created this as a sub-puzzle to "Strategy to beat the Casino reversed", that has been sitting unsolved for months. You may wish to read that puzzle first, but this is self-contained. My answer to ...
30
votes
3answers
1k views

Snakes on a Plane!! 2

An entry in Fortnightly Topic Challenge #35: Restricted Title 1. Inspired by the title of this xkcd comic, but in no way related or affiliated beyond the shared name. It's a well known fact that any ...
7
votes
1answer
366 views

Another 'Find the Path' Puzzle

Based on user477343's Find the Path puzzle I have produced a slightly larger puzzle based on a similar mechanic. Goal is as follows: Draw a continuous path between the two red dots. The path must ...