Questions tagged [primes]

A puzzle that involves and requires knowledge of prime numbers.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
46
votes
5answers
4k views

Prime Number Snake

Place numbers 1 to 100 in the cells of the 10 x 10 board below in such a way that consecutive numbers occupy neighboring cells (either horizontally or vertically). Shaded cells should contain only ...
18
votes
1answer
422 views

Prime number snake (2)

This question is inspired by prime number snake. In the following grid, you have to place a number snake of numbers 1 to 100. Consecutive numbers have to go into neighboring cells. Numbers in grey ...
16
votes
3answers
3k views

Prime to Prime: Get all first 25 Prime Numbers using up to 4 Primes

The first 25 Prime Numbers are 2,3,5,7,11,13,17,19,23,29,31,37,41,43,47,53,59,61,67,71,73,79,83,89,97 Using up to 4 prime numbers and the following mathematical operations, get all the 25 primes. + ...
16
votes
3answers
1k views

A King's Hamiltonian Tours

a) Place the numbers 1 to 25 in the cells of a 5 x 5 board in such a way that consecutive numbers occur in adjacent cells either vertically, horizontally, or diagonally, and so do cells with numbers 1 ...
15
votes
5answers
980 views

Dividing the first 20 numbers into 3 lists

Place every number from 1 to 20 into one of three lists $P$, $Q$ or $O$, such that any number from $P$ added to any number from $Q$ gives a prime. What is the fewest number of elements that can be in $...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

Prime tree game

Let's play a game. On the first step you place the number 1. On the $n$-th step starting from $n=2$ you place the number $n$ such that: It is adjacent (horizontally or vertically) to one or more ...
13
votes
4answers
1k views

Reconstructing the results of a 6-team soccer tournament

6 teams played in a "round-robin" soccer tournament, in which each team played each other team once. Each game had 3 possible outcomes: team 1 won, draw, or team 2 won. The winning team received 3 ...
13
votes
1answer
322 views

Prime to Prime Sequel

This question is inspired by the Prime to Prime puzzle. The first 24 Prime Numbers are 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43, 47, 53, 59, 61, 67, 71, 73, 79, 83, 89 Using up to 4 prime ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

It's my sister's birthday

I'd ordered her a cake, but when I got to the bakery to pick it up, the cake decorator had transposed the digits of her age. "She'll thank you for the compliment," I said, "but her age is a prime ...
11
votes
2answers
758 views

Time… to be prime?

A standard analogue clock face has numbers 1 to 12 around the edge arranged sequentially, which is nice for telling the time, but not especially interesting. It is possible to arrange the numbers in ...
11
votes
1answer
308 views

Gaby´s Puzzle (Primes Around a Circle)

To keep them busy during lockdown, Gaby asked her children to find a way to place the first sixteen primes (2 to 53) around a circle so that either the sum or difference (or both) of any two of them ...
10
votes
6answers
612 views

A looped building with Prime rooms lighted

Imagine a building with 200 consecutive connected rooms as shown below. The shape is not important. It could be a circular loop building. You do not know the room numbers but you are told that they ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Prime to number conversion

This puzzle relates to Prime to Prime: Get all first 25 Prime Numbers using up to 4 Primes and its sequel Prime to Prime Sequel Using any three of the first 4 prime numbers (2,3,5 and 7) and the ...
7
votes
1answer
449 views

Living in prime years

A human was born somewhere in interval of [1;1920] A.D. They lived exactly 100 years. They lived through more years that were prime numbers than any other human (of the same lifespan) who was born in ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Smallest number containing the first 11 primes as sub-strings

113257 contains the first 6 primes as sub-strings when reading them from left to right: 2: 113257 3: 113257 5: 113257 7: 113257 11: 113257 13: 113257 What is the smallest number that contains ...
6
votes
2answers
388 views

Primes in a Line

Place the first 20 primes (2 to 71) in a line so that the sum or difference (or both) of any two primes that find themselves next to each other is always a perfect square. For which other values of N ...
6
votes
3answers
343 views

A Kind of Unique Prime Number

A Prime number with the following properties Less than 7 digits and more than 3 digits ALL digits in the number are Prime numbers-- some repeated. All individual digits in the number add up to a ...
6
votes
1answer
354 views

Can you cut through the mist?

I've created a mapping between words and complex-valued polynomials, and I've generated examples from word lists that I've I found on another puzzle. You don't need to study every one of these, but I ...
5
votes
4answers
392 views

8x8 square with no adjacent numbers summing to a prime

Can you fill a 8x8 grid with numbers from 1 to 8 such that: Every number occurs exactly once in each row and in each column (Latin square). No two adjacent (horizontally or vertically) numbers sum to ...
5
votes
2answers
301 views

Two equal-sized lists that produce prime sums

Place one or more distinct numbers between 1 and 100 into the lists $𝑃$ and $𝑄$, such that they contain the same number of elements and any number from $𝑃$ added to any number from $𝑄$ gives a ...
4
votes
3answers
534 views

Neighbouring numbers summing to a prime on a 3x3

Can you place distinct numbers from 0 to 9 on a 3x3 grid such that every pair of neighbouring (horizontally and vertically) numbers sum to a prime? Can you find multiple solutions? Note that the ...
4
votes
2answers
238 views

Primes from arithmetic and geometric progressions

The five primes, 131, 157, 211, 349, 739, are neither in arithmetic or geometric progression, but are instead the sum of the corresponding terms of two progressions of five terms each, one arithmetic ...
4
votes
1answer
235 views

Prime parallel rows for the first 20 numbers

Two positive integers can be joined with a straight segment if their sum is a prime and the segment doesn't intersect any other segments. What is the most number of pairs you can join if you can place ...
4
votes
1answer
175 views

More primes and squares, in a summation triangle

Place a different prime number or perfect square in each of the twenty-one disks that make up the triangle below, so that the number in any disk that lies on two others is precisely the sum of the ...
4
votes
1answer
199 views

Follow the path of relation through the grid #7

There is a relation between rectilinear-adjacent squares such that there is a unique rectilinear path from the top-left corner of the grid down to the bottom-right corner of the grid. Each square can ...
4
votes
1answer
166 views

Prime magic star

Can you replace the letters with 10 consecutive primes such that the sum of numbers on each line is equal? I expect this to be solved with a computer. Good luck!
4
votes
1answer
134 views

Solving Kordemsky's Prime Cryptarithm and proving uniqueness

This is a cryptarithm from Kordemsky's The Moscow Puzzles, problem 273 to be precise. Each digit is a single-digit prime ($2,3,5,$ or $7$). Find a solution and prove that it is unique. $$\begin{array}{...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

Follow the path of relation through the grid #8

There is a relation between rectilinear-adjacent squares such that there is a unique rectilinear path from the top-left corner of the grid down to the bottom-right corner of the grid. Each square can ...
2
votes
1answer
165 views

My Latest Password

-What is your password?- my niece asks me. -It is a four digit number. -I know that. -It is divisible by precisely three primes. -Tell me more. -It has at least one common divisor greater than 1 with ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

The first 10 prime butterflies

A prime butterfly is a set of three distinct numbers $a,b,c$, such that $a+b$ and $b+c$ are both primes. Can you divide numbers from 1 to 30 into 10 prime butterflies?
2
votes
0answers
162 views

Even and primes puzzle?

this is secret numbers that increase regularly, what is the order? If you like numbers, it will be fun. $2^3 \times224299$ $2^2 \times 3^2 \times 19 \times 3557$ $2 \times 5 \times 320647$ $2 \times ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

On certain triplets of consecutive integers [closed]

While completelely factorizing integers, my student Luciana noticed that the canonical prime factorization of the three consecutive numbers 81=3^4, 82=2x41, and 83=83, use numbers which are all ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Neighbouring numbers summing to a prime on a 4x4

Can you place every number from 1 to 16 on a 4x4 grid such that every pair of neighbouring (horizontally and vertically) numbers sum to a prime? Note that the generated primes can be reused. A ...