# Questions tagged [mathematics]

A puzzle related to mathematical facts and objects, whose solution needs mathematical arguments. General mathematics questions are off-topic but can be asked on Mathematics Stack Exchange.

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### Paying the unfair Troll toll

Here is more complicated Paying the Troll toll like puzzle: Between you and your destination, you have 7 bridges, and there is a troll under every bridge. Each troll, quite rightly, insists that ...
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### How long is needed to clear the area of robots?

This question has been written in order to help answer Fastest way to collect an arbitrary army. There is a 1 x 1 square area with corners labelled clockwise A, B, C and D. A finite number of ...
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### An arithmetic puzzle from 1645

The following problem is found in the first Norwegian arithmetic, published in 1645 by Tyge Hansøn: Three hundred oxen large and small, A cattle owner wanted to buy: 3 for 63 daler he got. ...
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### Twelve balls on a scale, where one ball is lighter and another is heavier

Suppose you have twelve identical-looking balls. Ten of them are the same weight, but one is slightly lighter and one slightly heavier, in such a way that the weight of the lighter and heavier ball ...
730 views

### Maximum time for ants to fall off stick (with a non-instant turning speed)

This question is purely a follow-up to Maximum time for ants to fall off stick. Suppose there are $n$ ants on a stick which has length 10. At any time, the ants may be facing left or right, the ...
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### Maximum time for ants to fall off stick

Suppose there are $n$ ants on a stick which has length 1. At any time, the ants may be facing left or right, the initial directions of the ants are arbitrary. Each ant can be modeled as a point in the ...
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1 vote
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### Minimum number of weights you need to define any integer weight from 1 to N

Following this question What's the fewest weights you need to balance any weight from 1 to 40 pounds? I am interested what is the minimum number M of weights you need to define any integer weight ...
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1 vote
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### I Eight Two Much

If four 2s make eight, and three 2s also make eight, how many 2s do you need to make three eights, when you only have less than eight 2s?
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### Number of ways to fold a 2x4 map

M.Gardner in his book "Mathematical puzzles and diversions" states that the following 2x4 map  \begin{array}{|c|c|} \hline 1 & \phantom{1} & \phantom{1} & \phantom{1} \\ \hline \...
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### When can one construct expression dividable by M from any N numbers?

You have N numbers written in one row. One needs to put any amount of the four symbols $($, $)$, $+$, and $\times$ between them in such a way that the resulting expression is divisible by $M$. What ...
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### Is there a more specific name for this type of arithmetic puzzle?

There are arithmetic puzzles with some numbers (typically four) and rules for combining them (perhaps just the four basic arithmetic operators or including things like combining digits 2 and 3 to make ...
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### I don't know the two numbers... but now I do

Two perfect logicians, Summer and Proctor, are told that integers 𝑥 and 𝑦 have been chosen such that 1 < 𝑥 < 𝑦 and 𝑥 + 𝑦 < 100. Summer is given the value 𝑥 + 𝑦 and Proctor is given ...
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### A camel transporting bananas

A somewhat well-known puzzle is described as such: You have a pile of 3,000 bananas. You wish to transport them to a place 1,000 miles away on the back of a camel; however, the camel can only carry ...
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### End of the world - on a Sunday?

If the end of the world was supposed to come on the first day of a new century, what would be the chances that it would happen on a Sunday?
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### Pirates and gold coins

A group of N pirates has come by a chest containing 200 gold coins. Their rules require that the coins be distributed by the following approach. The pirates are ranked from fiercest to meekest and ...
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### Sliding Bolt Puzzle - fastest solution (time-wise)

This is a follow-up question for the Sliding Bolt Puzzle. If you have not solved it yet, you might want to head there first, as the extended discussion of its solution in this question will contain ...
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### Round-Robin Tournament

20 teams played in a round-robin tournament. The winner of each game got 1 point, and the loser got 0; there were no draws. Each team's total score was a square number. At least one team had a unique ...
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