Questions tagged [mathematics]

A puzzle related to mathematical facts and objects, whose solution needs mathematical arguments. General mathematics questions are off-topic but can be asked on Mathematics Stack Exchange.

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16
votes
1answer
4k views

How do you solve the circular table problem?

One classic puzzle has many different forms, but the basic strategy is the same. Once upon a time there was a crazy king who had a very wise minister with him. The king had a habit of playing a ...
16
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4answers
5k views

The Mexican Standoff

There are three cowboys in a Mexican standoff against each other, named Juan, José, and Jorge. Juan is the straightest shooter in the West, and can hit his target 100% of the time. José, who has a ...
10
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4answers
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N balls and a scale

The question of twelve balls and a scale is probably the best-known example of the "find the ball of a different weight" problem. But does it generalize? Is there a general way to find a weighing ...
5
votes
1answer
757 views

Shuffling Cards

I was just thinking about this. Let's say that we have a card deck with 54 cards and the $n$th card from the top is flipped. We repeat a short process of cutting the deck directly in the middle and ...
47
votes
4answers
14k views

I don't know the two numbers… but now I do

Two perfect logicians, Summer and Proctor, are told that integers 𝑥 and 𝑦 have been chosen such that 1 < 𝑥 < 𝑦 and 𝑥 + 𝑦 < 100. Summer is given the value 𝑥 + 𝑦 and Proctor is given ...
76
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15answers
84k views

A camel transporting bananas

A somewhat well-known puzzle is described as such: You have a pile of 3,000 bananas. You wish to transport them to a place 1,000 miles away on the back of a camel; however, the camel can only carry ...
13
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2answers
2k views

End of the world - on a Sunday?

If the end of the world was supposed to come on the first day of a new century, what would be the chances that it would happen on a Sunday?
34
votes
3answers
5k views

Pirates and gold coins

A group of N pirates has come by a chest containing 200 gold coins. Their rules require that the coins be distributed by the following approach. The pirates are ranked from fiercest to meekest and ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Sliding Bolt Puzzle - fastest solution (time-wise)

This is a follow-up question for the Sliding Bolt Puzzle. If you have not solved it yet, you might want to head there first, as the extended discussion of its solution in this question will contain ...
5
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4answers
1k views

Round-Robin Tournament

20 teams played in a round-robin tournament. The winner of each game got 1 point, and the loser got 0; there were no draws. Each team's total score was a square number. At least one team had a unique ...
20
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5answers
6k views

N logicians wearing hats of N colors

N logicians are wearing hats which can be of N different colors (each hat has one color; there can be multiple hats with the same color). Each logician can see the colors of all hats except his own. ...
115
votes
6answers
26k views

100 Prisoners' Names in Boxes

Names in Boxes The names of 100 prisoners are placed in 100 wooden boxes, one name to a box, and the boxes are lined up on a table in a room. One by one, the prisoners are led into the room; each may ...

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