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Questions tagged [mathematics]

A puzzle strongly related to mathematical facts and objects, or whose solution needs serious mathematical arguments. General mathematics questions are off-topic but can be asked on Mathematics Stack Exchange.

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8
votes
2answers
901 views

5 Pirate Puzzle Question

Question: 5 pirates of different ages have a treasure of 100 gold coins. On their ship, they decide to split the coins using this scheme: The oldest pirate proposes how to share the coins, and ALL ...
23
votes
8answers
4k views

How to choose at least half of everything

Some number of gold, silver, and copper coins are scattered in $N$ chests. You may look into each chest and count each type of coin in them, and then select $M$ of the chests. Your goal is to have at ...
8
votes
2answers
746 views

IX-NAY on the IX-SAY

Will this sequence ever have a 6 in it? 9, 1, 1, 1, 10, 3, 1, 1, 10, 5, 1, 1, 10, 1, 5, 2, 1, 1, 10, 1, 1, 1, 5, 4, 1, 1, 10, 3, 1, 1, 5, 1, 1, 1, 5, 2, 1, 1, 10, 5, 1, 1, 5, 3, 1, 1, 5, 4, 1, ... ...
2
votes
10answers
14k views

Make numbers 1-30 using 2, 0, 1, 9

This is very similar to the 2, 0, 1, 8 problem. Just try to make all numbers 1-30 using the digits 2, 0, 1, 9. Rules: Use all four digits exactly once Allowed operations: +, -, x, ÷, ! (factorial), ...
2
votes
0answers
119 views

What should be the missing number? [closed]

What would be the missing number?
16
votes
9answers
7k views

Salesman's claim for mechanical keypad lock - 5 buttons and 545 combinations!

A company makes mechanical keypad locks. The keypad is a set of five buttons arranged vertically. O O O O O The buttons are quite close together. Once a ...
3
votes
2answers
410 views

Grandpa's Numbers

Grandpa likes pencils but not pens Grandpa likes Beijing but not Tokyo Grandpa likes math but not chemistry Grandpa likes Contact but not _______ Make sure to explain! Hint 1: Hint 2: ...
11
votes
6answers
2k views

Some interesting calculation puzzle that I made

So I'm creating some kind math puzzle that goes like this: 1=-2+3 12=3*4 123=(4*5)+(6+7)*8-9+10 (thanks JS1 for finding shorter one) 1234=(5*6*7*8)-(9+10+11+12+13+14+15+16+(17*18)+19+20+(-21+22)) ...
31
votes
8answers
10k views

How many cars does the millionaire have?

I had a logical riddle on a programming interview test which was something like this: In his garage a millionaire had cars, of which only 2 were not white, only 2 were not green and only 2 were not ...
16
votes
3answers
1k views

The maximum number of SETs with six cards

The SET game works with a deck of $81$ cards. Each card contains a set of symbols with four attributes: color (red, green, purple), shading (empty, striped, or solid), shape (oval, squiggle, or ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

Oops! Mixed up Multiplication - Needs to be Fixed

$Given$: $U$, $V$, $C$ are distinct digits, varying from 1 to 9. $U$ > $V$ > $C$ $UVC$, $VCU$, $CUV$ are concatenated Numbers $(UVC)*(VCU)*(CUV)$ = $234235286$ The digits on the right hand side ...
24
votes
4answers
2k views

Savage Road Signs

There is a highway that starts in the city of Savage. You must must place distance marker signs on this highway for the outgoing traffic. According to highway code, there must be a distance marker ...
1
vote
2answers
162 views

Is it possible to reach 00?

Ann and Bob are going to play a game. Ann chooses a two digit numbers from 01-99. Bob then mirrows the number and adds the checksum to this number and announces the result to Ann. The players then ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

What is the Last Digit in the Result of the given Expression? [closed]

$Given$: $ASC$ is a concatenated number with distinct digits. $S$ is square of $A$, $C$ is cube of $A$ Deduce the last digit of the following Expression through Deductive Reasoning only: $$\begin{...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Pan Digital Split among Two Powers

$Given$: $AB$, $DBCE$,$AGFPQR$ are three concatenated numbers with all distinct digits varying from zero to nine. $AB^C$ = $DBCE$ $AB^F$ = $AGFPQR$ Deduce all the digits through logical reasoning ...
3
votes
6answers
44k views

Fill number in missing?

Given options are: A. 13 B. 42 C. 18 D. 30
-4
votes
4answers
161 views

Go for the Gold

You are given a bag containing 1 and 2 ounce gold rounds. You need to draw one coin at a time till they Sum up to ten rounds. How many different ways you can achieve that? What is the quickest path ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Express the given Fractions as Continued Fractions

Using only the numbers, $1$, $2$, $12$. No concatenations allowed. Only permitted signs are plus and division. Brackets are not needed. Expressions should be as concise as possible. Typical ...
1
vote
2answers
319 views

I need help to solve this puzzle

This puzzle was shared by a friend, who in turn got it from school, and there is no competition involved. We have been working on it for a long time without any answers at all. Can anyone help me find ...
4
votes
3answers
137 views

Make 2019 Factorial Multiplication a perfect square

N is not a square number and consists of 2019 factorial multiplication as shown below: $N=1!\times 2!\times 3!\cdots 2018!\times2019!$ At least how many factorial needed to be removed from the ...
4
votes
1answer
396 views

Find my two numbers

Find my two numbers: Both are positive integers. Their difference is a prime. Their product is a perfect square. Their sum's last digit is 3. Bonus: Can you show how many solutions exist?
8
votes
1answer
474 views

Relevant primes

Let's call a prime number $p$ "relevant" if there exists an integer $n>1$ such that the integer part of the sum $$ \sum_{k=1}^{p^n} \sqrt[n]{\frac{1}{k^{n-1}}}$$ is $2016$. How many "relevant" ...
3
votes
1answer
192 views

Holy Alphabet Arithmetic

$Given$: $A$+$B$+$C$=3 $B$+$C$+$D$=3 $C$+$D$+$E$=1 $D$+$E$+$F$=1 What is $E$+$F$+$G$=?
12
votes
2answers
607 views

The Puzzling Reverse and Add Sequence

The sequence of numbers 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 11, 22,... (A056964 in the OEIS), in which the nth term equals n+reversal of digits of n, poses a number of intriguing puzzles. Here just ...
-5
votes
1answer
110 views
6
votes
3answers
427 views

Guessing a number with 250 divisors

Alice and Bob play the following number guessing game. First Alice picks an integer $n$ with exactly $250$ positive divisors. These divisors include $1$ and $n$, and are denoted as $1=d_1<d_2<...
12
votes
5answers
758 views

Cup and Trade: The Perfect Nutmeg Soup

Your package from Orinoco has finally arrived! It's the Master Chef's Environmentally-Friendly Measuring Cup Set. It comes with 64 measuring cups having a volume of 1 cup, 1/2 cup, 1/3 cup, 1/4 cup, ....
56
votes
13answers
18k views

Are there eighteen or twenty bars in my castle?

Two friends, Mark and Rose, are very famous logicians; they are so clever that they can deduce any logic connection possible in a matter of minutes even from the most vague situation. Unfortunately, ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Figure out this Four digit Palindrome with two distinct digits and

The sum of the digits of the palindrome is Same as the number remaining after last two digits are removed.
9
votes
4answers
543 views

The Football Squad

The sixteen players of a football squad, wearing shirts numbered 1 to 16, have arrived in town for a tournament. At their hotel, they are assigned 16 rooms consecutively numbered. Moreover, each of ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

Deduce Distinct Digits of the Given Fibonacci Sequence- Detail all Steps

$DEPUS$ $SRST$ $UDQD$ $CTQU$ $DTPR$ $PQR$ $SDE$ $VRR$ $CVV$ $DUU$ $QP$ $TT$
3
votes
1answer
172 views

Valiant Knight is back..but he is in grave danger from the Evil Queen

King has placed a bounty on Valiant Knight and enlisted his evil queen’s help. Queen knows knight’s regular stops of his journey and knows he goes through all odd prime cells. She strategically ...
21
votes
8answers
3k views

Robots in a spaceship

Xerxes has 6, 7 and 8-arm robots in his spaceship. Unfortunately, the 7-arm robots are misprogrammed and everything they say is a lie. The other robots are fine, they always speak the truth. Once ...
-3
votes
1answer
85 views

Strange? Primes and Palindromes have no business being in this Place?

$1$ $1$,$2$ Good easy start $1$,$2$,$4$ As expected $1$,$2$,$4$,$8$ I know it is going to be easy $1$,$2$,$4$,$8$,$16$ why is he giving this? I got it! $1$,$2$,$4$,$8$,$16$,Prime ...oops!.....
0
votes
1answer
81 views

How do you make Prime “COMPUTERS”?

$Given$: $COMPUTERS$ is the smallest Pan Digital containing all the digits 1 to 9 occurring only once. $COMPUTERSV$ is a Prime only when one of the correct digit ($V$)is added at the end. Also, $...
42
votes
17answers
8k views

A blanket for my baby snake

Mama snake wants to knit a blanket for little baby snake. She is not a dissipater and wants to make the blanket of a minimal size (area). But her baby snake is quite a lively baby and it always ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

What is my number in circle? [duplicate]

N > 1 people sit in a circle clearly seeing all others. They are going to be blindfolded and, while in this state, hats are put on their heads - one per person, naturally. On each hat there is written ...
16
votes
3answers
483 views

Tiling a square with rectangles

Tile completely this 47 x 47 square with 52 rectangles. Each rectangle must contain precisely one numbered cell, and that number must be the area or perimeter of the rectangle it finds itself in. ...
7
votes
2answers
244 views

Listen to my Story…Let us find the Unique Invisible Pan Digital Pair

I was an avid reader of Popular Science magazine. In the last page or so, they usually had visual clues without words to make useful stuff. I always wanted to create a mathematical puzzle like that ...
5
votes
1answer
193 views

Answered it badly…on purpose?

Teacher: You got a 0. Miles Morales: Is that...failed? Teacher: Listen. If you answer all questions on a multiple choice test randomly, you would get a 25%. This means the only way for you to ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

All Aboard..Hop onto the Power Train to reach Destination Unity

Your goal is to reach the destination unity. starting from $3462$ with three intermediate stops. You are allowed to use only 2 mathematical operations..multiplication and Exponentiation. All the ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Primes from the Pan Digital

Pan Digital Number is the smallest with all the digits 1 to 9 with no repeats. When looking forwards or backwards, eleven Primes can be extracted from that number preserving the same sequence. Among ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

sorting 4 numbers using Min - Max boxes

Min-Max is a box that is capable of determining which of the two numbers is the higher (Max) and which is lower (Min). I need to use minimum amount of boxes in order to sort 4 different numbers (any ...
7
votes
1answer
154 views

The strange forest

In the forest of change there are strange creatures: 17 puzzs, 55 lings and 6 stacs. If one species meets the other, then they become the third. For example: If a puzz meets a stac, then they ...
19
votes
17answers
9k views

Number 88 from the digits 2, 0, 1 and 7?

Can you use the digits 2, 0, 1 and 7 each only once to create the number 88?
12
votes
1answer
460 views

Resolve this Fibonacci Relationship

$Given$: $A$, $B$, $C$, $E$, $F$ are distinct digits varying from $1$ to $9$. $A$ is a Fibonacci number. $BB$, $BC$, $EF$ are concatenated Numbers. $Relationship$: $(A*BB)*(BC)^2$ = $(EF)^2- B$ ...
6
votes
5answers
782 views

The Starks, Parks, Clarks and their kids

Inspired by Martin Gardner's puzzle from his book John,a new student at the Math Department of the College, was invited to a get-together at one of the Professor's house. Professor Stark welcomed ...
2
votes
2answers
146 views

sum and gcd june19 challenge!

Can anyone please help me out with the https://www.codechef.com/JUNE19B/problems/SUMAGCD question? Chef has a sequence of positive integers $A_1,A_2, \dots, A_N$. He wants to split this sequence ...
12
votes
3answers
608 views

How many possible starting positions are uniquely solvable for a nonogram puzzle?

This type of puzzle goes by many names: Nonogram, Picross, and Griddlers are all mentioned on the Wikipedia page, Simon Tatham calls it Pattern, I was introduced to it as Descartes Rainbow, ... The ...
2
votes
2answers
348 views

How many codes are possible?

The line - codes we are looking at consist of black and red lines. These lines can have width 1 or 2. Black and red lines are taking turns, black line, red line, black line, ... The code ends and ...