# Questions tagged [logical-deduction]

A puzzle that requires formal logical deduction to arrive at the solution. This suggests more than merely reasoning through clues to find an answer (you might want [situation] for that).

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### The CompuTaria Quest - A young Wizard's journey

Once Upon A Time In A Land FAR, FAR Away... Our adventure begins in the enchanted land called "CompuTaria". You are, "Binaryian" a 3rd year Wizard In Training. Today began like any other day - you ...
2k views

### Missing Piece of Pie - Can you find it?

A piece is missing! What should it be?
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### Masyu-making game

Two players are playing a game on a $4\times4$ board. The players take turns adding either a white circle or a black circle into any empty square, so that the board makes a solvable masyu puzzle (with ...
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### Escape the dungeon, by deciphering the codes and navigating the rooms to find a way out

You have been thrown into a dungeon with many rooms; you don't know who did this or why. You start in room 37. You might be thinking "Why 37?", so I will explain this: "Why not?" You need to find ...
357 views

Persons: ...
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### we are five we have three thousand four hundred fifty who are we? [on hold]

we are five we three thousand four hundred fifty, who are we ?. Its a riddle like question but stranded with getting the answer for this question , am very sure the answer will make me slap my head ...
222 views

### Nono-cube - Ultimate Puzzle Giant

Prologue - Instructions Shamelessly copied and pasted the following from @jafe's puzzle :P This is a three-dimensional nonogram. The first square gives the enumerations for the Z-axis, top to ...
159 views

### 5 Precommitting Pirates Puzzle

Another variant of the Pirate Puzzle, inspired by this variant and a bit more complex. Scenario: Five pirates of different ages obtain 100 gold pieces in total, and want to decide how to split them. ...
108 views

### 3D Nonogram - Spinoff of the Reboot

This puzzle is inspired by recent 3D nonogram puzzles by Jafe and Omega Krypton. Check those out if you want, but they are not required to understand this puzzle. This 3D nonogram has clues with two ...
1k views

### What does my girlfriend want me to buy for her?

I'm obviously dating up, because I can't figure out what my girlfriend wants me to buy her for Christmas. When I asked her what she wanted, she gave me the three puzzles below. The only hint she gave ...
198 views

### Minimize sum of guesses to win lottery

Ten boxes are given with $a_1,a_2,a_3,a_4,a_5 ......a_{10}$ number of balls in them respectively .These boxes are randomly ordered but $a_1,a_2 .....a_{10}$ is told.We can arbitrary select a box and ...
233 views

### 5 Negotiating Pirates Puzzle

5 pirates of different ages have a treasure of 100 gold coins. On their ship, they decide to split the coins using this scheme: The oldest pirate proposes how to share the coins, and ALL pirates (...
781 views

### 5 Pirate Puzzle Question

Question: 5 pirates of different ages have a treasure of 100 gold coins. On their ship, they decide to split the coins using this scheme: The oldest pirate proposes how to share the coins, and ALL ...
724 views

### IX-NAY on the IX-SAY

Will this sequence ever have a 6 in it? 9, 1, 1, 1, 10, 3, 1, 1, 10, 5, 1, 1, 10, 1, 5, 2, 1, 1, 10, 1, 1, 1, 5, 4, 1, 1, 10, 3, 1, 1, 5, 1, 1, 1, 5, 2, 1, 1, 10, 5, 1, 1, 5, 3, 1, 1, 5, 4, 1, ... ...
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### A dozen into six rows?

You were given 12 coins by your friend. He bet that if you could arrange these dozen coins into 6 rows of 4 coins such that it makes two similar shapes, he will give you 12 more coins. How will you do ...
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### Can you open the door or die? v2

This is the follow up question to my previous question You wake up and find yourself in a very strange room with a single door. You find a note on the ground surrounded by lots of cards: ...
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### Word problem help regarding Sin and angles [closed]

My teacher gave me this problem. There is a triangle with angle with 30 degrees (so opp/hyp = 0.5) This specific triangle has an area equal to it's perimeter. All I got furthest to was that hyp is ...
89 views

### What should be the missing number? [closed]

What would be the missing number?
771 views

### The distance between David and Eric

Alice and Bob are looking at each other, both turn $10$ degrees and now they both can directly see Claire. If they continue turning in their same directions before, Alice will directly able to see ...
7k views

### Salesman's claim for mechanical keypad lock - 5 buttons and 545 combinations!

A company makes mechanical keypad locks. The keypad is a set of five buttons arranged vertically. O O O O O The buttons are quite close together. Once a ...
10k views

### How many cars does the millionaire have?

I had a logical riddle on a programming interview test which was something like this: In his garage a millionaire had cars, of which only 2 were not white, only 2 were not green and only 2 were not ...
4k views

### The joke office

Alice and Bob are supposed to get form A at the joke office. Forms A, B, C, D and E are each at exactly one of the following five terminals. At one Terminal is only one form. Terminal 1: Here ...
170 views

### The chariot race

In a chariot race only 4 cars came to the finish: the blue, the green, the red and the white one. Titus, who is in bed with a cold, inquires to Quintus about the outcome of the race, because he ...
112 views

### Oops! Mixed up Multiplication - Needs to be Fixed

$Given$: $U$, $V$, $C$ are distinct digits, varying from 1 to 9. $U$ > $V$ > $C$ $UVC$, $VCU$, $CUV$ are concatenated Numbers $(UVC)*(VCU)*(CUV)$ = $234235286$ The digits on the right hand side ...
242 views

### pattern recognition riddle

does anybody see in this pattern recognition riddle a reasonable solution? source: https://www.physicsforums.com/threads/visual-pattern-recognition-test.921583/
1k views

### The three greedy pirates

Her eyes lit up as the pirates Sparrow, Barbossa and Turner opened the treasure chest and saw the mountain gold coins. After pirate's tradition, Sparrow first took a coin, then Barbossa two, ...
181 views

### Missing informations for the architect

An architect wants to plan the creation of a house, but he has only two perspectives, one from the left and one from the front. The house consists of concrete cubes. All concrete cubes must be ...
105 views

### What is the Last Digit in the Result of the given Expression? [closed]

$Given$: $ASC$ is a concatenated number with distinct digits. $S$ is square of $A$, $C$ is cube of $A$ Deduce the last digit of the following Expression through Deductive Reasoning only: \begin{...
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### Pan Digital Split among Two Powers

$Given$: $AB$, $DBCE$,$AGFPQR$ are three concatenated numbers with all distinct digits varying from zero to nine. $AB^C$ = $DBCE$ $AB^F$ = $AGFPQR$ Deduce all the digits through logical reasoning ...
87 views

### IQ test question help [duplicate]

Can you help me with the solution of the matrix? It has been asked before here 2 but a valid and well explained answer was not provided. Source without answer: here
464 views

### Red and White Squares

There are two grid boards with the dimension of 9x9 and 14x14, consist of all white squares. You are supposed to color some squares with a red color on the conditions below: In a board, if two square ...
124 views

### Make 2019 Factorial Multiplication a perfect square

N is not a square number and consists of 2019 factorial multiplication as shown below: $N=1!\times 2!\times 3!\cdots 2018!\times2019!$ At least how many factorial needed to be removed from the ...
2k views

### Explain how 'Sharing the burden' puzzle from Professor Layton and the Miracle Mask should be solved

Two porters have to carry six pieces of luggage of unknown weight. Each piece weighs a different amount, and they are labeled in order of weight from A to F, with A being the lightest and F the ...
97 views

### Fibonacci again..Distinct Digits..Detail all your Deductive Steps [closed]

$ABB$ $CDE$ $GFB$ $DPGB$ $QPFR$ $RDFD$
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### Are there eighteen or twenty bars in my castle?

Two friends, Mark and Rose, are very famous logicians; they are so clever that they can deduce any logic connection possible in a matter of minutes even from the most vague situation. Unfortunately, ...
112 views

### Deduce Distinct Digits of the Given Fibonacci Sequence- Detail all Steps

$DEPUS$ $SRST$ $UDQD$ $CTQU$ $DTPR$ $PQR$ $SDE$ $VRR$ $CVV$ $DUU$ $QP$ $TT$
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### Valiant Knight is back..but he is in grave danger from the Evil Queen

King has placed a bounty on Valiant Knight and enlisted his evil queen’s help. Queen knows knight’s regular stops of his journey and knows he goes through all odd prime cells. She strategically ...
3k views

### Robots in a spaceship

Xerxes has 6, 7 and 8-arm robots in his spaceship. Unfortunately, the 7-arm robots are misprogrammed and everything they say is a lie. The other robots are fine, they always speak the truth. Once ...
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### What am I to A? | Riddle

If teresa's daughter is my daughter's mother, what am I to teresa? Grandmother Mother Granddaughter I am teresa