Questions tagged [logical-deduction]

A puzzle that requires formal logical deduction to arrive at the solution. This suggests more than merely reasoning through clues to find an answer (you might want [situation] for that).

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Word problem help regarding Sin and angles [on hold]

My teacher gave me this problem. There is a triangle with angle with 30 degrees (so opp/hyp = 0.5) This specific triangle has an area equal to it's perimeter. All I got furthest to was that hyp is ...
2
votes
0answers
104 views

Minimize sum of guesses to win lottery

Ten boxes are given with $a_1,a_2,a_3,a_4,a_5 ......a_{10}$ number of balls in them respectively .These boxes are randomly ordered but $a_1,a_2 .....a_{10}$ is told.We can arbitrary select a box and ...
2
votes
0answers
81 views

What should be the missing number? [on hold]

What would be the missing number?
2
votes
1answer
156 views

The chariot race

In a chariot race only 4 cars came to the finish: the blue, the green, the red and the white one. Titus, who is in bed with a cold, inquires to Quintus about the outcome of the race, because he ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Oops! Mixed up Multiplication - Needs to be Fixed

$Given$: $U$, $V$, $C$ are distinct digits, varying from 1 to 9. $U$ > $V$ > $C$ $UVC$, $VCU$, $CUV$ are concatenated Numbers $(UVC)*(VCU)*(CUV)$ = $234235286$ The digits on the right hand side ...
5
votes
1answer
233 views

pattern recognition riddle

does anybody see in this pattern recognition riddle a reasonable solution? source: https://www.physicsforums.com/threads/visual-pattern-recognition-test.921583/
11
votes
1answer
1k views

The three greedy pirates

Her eyes lit up as the pirates Sparrow, Barbossa and Turner opened the treasure chest and saw the mountain gold coins. After pirate's tradition, Sparrow first took a coin, then Barbossa two, ...
12
votes
4answers
4k views

The joke office

Alice and Bob are supposed to get form A at the joke office. Forms A, B, C, D and E are each at exactly one of the following five terminals. At one Terminal is only one form. Terminal 1: Here ...
8
votes
2answers
716 views

IX-NAY on the IX-SAY

Will this sequence ever have a 6 in it? 9, 1, 1, 1, 10, 3, 1, 1, 10, 5, 1, 1, 10, 1, 5, 2, 1, 1, 10, 1, 1, 1, 5, 4, 1, 1, 10, 3, 1, 1, 5, 1, 1, 1, 5, 2, 1, 1, 10, 5, 1, 1, 5, 3, 1, 1, 5, 4, 1, ... ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

What is the Last Digit in the Result of the given Expression? [closed]

$Given$: $ASC$ is a concatenated number with distinct digits. $S$ is square of $A$, $C$ is cube of $A$ Deduce the last digit of the following Expression through Deductive Reasoning only: $$\begin{...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Pan Digital Split among Two Powers

$Given$: $AB$, $DBCE$,$AGFPQR$ are three concatenated numbers with all distinct digits varying from zero to nine. $AB^C$ = $DBCE$ $AB^F$ = $AGFPQR$ Deduce all the digits through logical reasoning ...
0
votes
0answers
87 views

IQ test question help [duplicate]

Can you help me with the solution of the matrix? It has been asked before here 2 but a valid and well explained answer was not provided. Source without answer: here
12
votes
4answers
456 views

Red and White Squares

There are two grid boards with the dimension of 9x9 and 14x14, consist of all white squares. You are supposed to color some squares with a red color on the conditions below: In a board, if two square ...
-5
votes
1answer
94 views

Fibonacci again..Distinct Digits..Detail all your Deductive Steps [closed]

$ABB$ $CDE$ $GFB$ $DPGB$ $QPFR$ $RDFD$
3
votes
5answers
2k views

Explain how 'Sharing the burden' puzzle from Professor Layton and the Miracle Mask should be solved

Two porters have to carry six pieces of luggage of unknown weight. Each piece weighs a different amount, and they are labeled in order of weight from A to F, with A being the lightest and F the ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Deduce Distinct Digits of the Given Fibonacci Sequence- Detail all Steps

$DEPUS$ $SRST$ $UDQD$ $CTQU$ $DTPR$ $PQR$ $SDE$ $VRR$ $CVV$ $DUU$ $QP$ $TT$
3
votes
1answer
155 views

Valiant Knight is back..but he is in grave danger from the Evil Queen

King has placed a bounty on Valiant Knight and enlisted his evil queen’s help. Queen knows knight’s regular stops of his journey and knows he goes through all odd prime cells. She strategically ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

How do you make Prime “COMPUTERS”?

$Given$: $COMPUTERS$ is the smallest Pan Digital containing all the digits 1 to 9 occurring only once. $COMPUTERSV$ is a Prime only when one of the correct digit ($V$)is added at the end. Also, $...
14
votes
2answers
674 views

The alcoholic village festival

The villages Arriba and Abajo together have 2019 inhabitants. At the annual festival are more than 2000 villagers this year. When they form a huge circle for dancing, everyone calls happy: ...
7
votes
2answers
231 views

Listen to my Story…Let us find the Unique Invisible Pan Digital Pair

I was an avid reader of Popular Science magazine. In the last page or so, they usually had visual clues without words to make useful stuff. I always wanted to create a mathematical puzzle like that ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

All Aboard..Hop onto the Power Train to reach Destination Unity

Your goal is to reach the destination unity. starting from $3462$ with three intermediate stops. You are allowed to use only 2 mathematical operations..multiplication and Exponentiation. All the ...
21
votes
8answers
3k views

Robots in a spaceship

Xerxes has 6, 7 and 8-arm robots in his spaceship. Unfortunately, the 7-arm robots are misprogrammed and everything they say is a lie. The other robots are fine, they always speak the truth. Once ...
4
votes
4answers
416 views

Simple logic puzzle

We think of an island inhabited by rogues and knights. Rogues are always lying, knights always speak the truth. One day 12 islanders come together among which is at least one knight and at ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Primes from the Pan Digital

Pan Digital Number is the smallest with all the digits 1 to 9 with no repeats. When looking forwards or backwards, eleven Primes can be extracted from that number preserving the same sequence. Among ...
5
votes
3answers
154 views

When is the truth spoken?

A thief speaks truth two days a week alternatively ( T F T ). The days are the same for each week. The thief gives these statements on 3 consecutive days : D1 : I lie on Monday and Tuesday. D2 : It'...
7
votes
1answer
128 views

The strange forest

In the forest of change there are strange creatures: 17 puzzs, 55 lings and 6 stacs. If one species meets the other, then they become the third. For example: If a puzz meets a stac, then they ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

The warming up game

The theater group began today with a warming up game. Everyone has been assigned a role and is now either a bad guy who always lies, or a good guy who always tells the truth. Max, who comes late, ...
12
votes
1answer
449 views

Resolve this Fibonacci Relationship

$Given$: $A$, $B$, $C$, $E$, $F$ are distinct digits varying from $1$ to $9$. $A$ is a Fibonacci number. $BB$, $BC$, $EF$ are concatenated Numbers. $Relationship$: $(A*BB)*(BC)^2$ = $(EF)^2- B$ ...
4
votes
3answers
179 views

Missing informations for the architect

An architect wants to plan the creation of a house, but he has only two perspectives, one from the left and one from the front. The house consists of concrete cubes. All concrete cubes must be ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Fill 5 x 5 grid

In each cell of a 5 × 5 square there is a token that is black on one side and white on the other. Initially all tokens are placed with the white side facing up. On each move three tokens in ...
3
votes
2answers
188 views

Help me solve this question from a culture fair IQ test? [closed]

Cannot wrap my head around these 2, please also tell me what the logic is? For the 2nd one I think it might be a water droplet shape? But not sure about the logic. Thank you
3
votes
2answers
118 views

Badminton in vacation

During their holidays Martina, Karl and Jim played badminton every day. The winner of each match continues to play in the next match against the one who just had a break, while the loser of this ...
19
votes
2answers
1k views

Miss Toad and her frogs

Miss Toad owns a lot of frogs. These frogs are all looking the same, but they can be either mad or nicely. If a mad frog is in a room with 3 nicely frogs, then he turns red, because he is ashamed. ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Resolve these Highly Narcissistic Relations

$U$, $V$, $C$ , $D$ , $E$, $F$, $G$, $H$, are distinct digits, varying from 1 to 9. $UVCD$, $EFGHD$, $EHHEV$ are concatenated numbers. Please deduce these with concise reasoning from the given ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Help the IT guy heal one of his hard drives [duplicate]

There are $64$ hard drives each with one extra bit ("flag"), the value of which you don't know (it can be '$0$' or '$1$'). One hard drive is infected with virus that you need to heal. You have two ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

Take out one Third..Keep Two Third..To Total Ten

There are total 36 numbers in the grid shown in the picture. Cross out 12 of them and keep 24 of them. Sum of the rest of the numbers should total 10 for each row and column.
-7
votes
4answers
123 views

What am I to A? | Riddle

If teresa's daughter is my daughter's mother, what am I to teresa? Grandmother Mother Granddaughter I am teresa
0
votes
2answers
81 views

It is not as Simple as it Looks to get the right Alignment

Of these US Coins (Quarter and Dime Combo). Initial arrangement of the coins as shown in the picture is as follows... Q D Q D Q D Q Objective is to attain the final configuration... Q Q Q Q D D D. ...
-6
votes
1answer
68 views

Give these Digits their own Place..Place them Right

In their own Circle. Such that the arrows point to successive numbers . Start with 1 and end with 9. There might be more arrows than necessary. Find the solution with least number of arrows ignored.
2
votes
2answers
336 views

How many codes are possible?

The line - codes we are looking at consist of black and red lines. These lines can have width 1 or 2. Black and red lines are taking turns, black line, red line, black line, ... The code ends and ...
3
votes
2answers
297 views

5 cars in a roundabout traffic

Five cars are driving in a roundabout traffic at the same moment. Each comes from an other direction, and drives less than one full round. Also each car leave the roundabout traffic in an other ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

Numbers 1 to 10 in the circles

The objective is to enter the numbers 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10 in the blue circles. Doing this, the sum of the numbers has to be equal in the three connected rectangles (a rectangle consists of 4 ...
6
votes
2answers
349 views

Go Get the Six Six-Pack

And fill with right Mathematical operands and enjoy. Six Relations shown in the pictures are missing the right operands. You can only use plus, minus, multiplication, division signs in between the ...
-1
votes
2answers
99 views

3 guys play frisbee [closed]

Story: Three guys A, B and C meet daily to play frisbee. They determined: Always if A doesn't have a frisbee, then B has one. If B doesn't take along a frisbee, then C has one. Today B hasn't ...
5
votes
1answer
75 views

A Prime Length Rope into Prime length ropes

We have a rope with a prime unit length, and we need to divide this rope into $9$ ropes by cutting it with prime and/or 1 unit lengths. After cutting the rope, you are supposed to find any kind of ...
4
votes
1answer
49 views

Deduce the Missing Digits from the given Relations

Picture shown below contains 3 horizontal and 3 vertical relations. Digits to be filled vary from 1 to 9. Order of operations is given following the arrows vertically and horizontally.
-4
votes
2answers
121 views

Be Quick and Calculating..Take Four Shots

To Target Sum of 100 Exactly . By shooting the right different numbers in four shots summing upto 100.
5
votes
1answer
107 views

Red and Blue Dividing Line

In the grid shown below, 20 numbers are given in blue and red. Draw a dividing line along the contours of the grid such that A) Blue Numbers Sum to the same on both sides of the line B) Red Numbers ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Mystic Island Math - Can you Figure it out?

On Mystic Island math is done via symbols. Distinct symbols represent distinct digits, varying from 0 to 9. From the picture below, figure out the corresponding digits. Please provide your reasoning....
-3
votes
2answers
126 views

How do you Solve an Age-Old Problem? [closed]

Mansion has a son (Mark) and a daughter (Mindy). Mark is older than Mindy. Five years ago, Sum of Mark and Mindy’s ages was twenty two. Five years from now, Mark will be exactly twice as old as Mindy....