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Questions tagged [dice]

For puzzles involving rolling numbered dice.

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How many tries to roll a 6?

Suppose you roll a (fair, 6-sided, perfectly ordinary) die repeatedly until you roll a 6. As is well known, the expected (i.e., long-term average over many trials) number of rolls required is 6. Now ...
3k views

Relabeling two 20-sided dice without changing their total

Usually, 20-sided dice are labeled with the numbers 1 to 20. When you roll two of these, their sum is a random number between 2 and 40. The total 21 is most likely to occur, while 2 and 40 are the ...
8k views

Aproximating 100 by 6

You're a fan of pen & paper RPGs and have finally arranged a new playing group, recruited amongst your friends from the mathematical faculty. As a GameMaster (GM) you've assumed that all your ...
4k views

A Boyfriend's Mysterious Message

Imogen was dog-tired, but excited! After 3 gruelling weeks of 16-hour work days imposed by an iron-willed boss, she was finally finished all her projects. She'd been processing (figurative) ...
1k views

Magician, assistant, nine dice, and two cups

A magician and her assistant are performing a magic show today, and you are the only audience member. Since it is a Thursday, the magician is saving her strength for the inevitable dragon attack and ...
3k views

2k views

Gambling in a rigged casino

A well-known crooked casino is offering the following bet with a pair of (identically looking and indistinguishable) dice that both show the numbers $1,2,3,4,5,6$ on their faces. The first die ...
980 views

Three Dice minimum value

You shall form three dice, placing 18 distinct integers on the faces of three cubes. Your goal is to be able to obtain all the integers between 1 and 216, inclusive, as the sum of the integers on the ...
2k views

A Short Dice Puzzle

There are $2$ fair dice: An $11$-sided die, valued from $-5$ to $5$, A $41$-sided die, valued from $-20$ to $20$. You pick one, and I'll take the other one. We roll the dice, and whoever rolls the ...
1k views

Generating Roman numerals with dice

This puzzle is closely based on this one: Generating numbers with cubes Now we want to generate Roman numerals by placing up to three 6-sided dice side by side. We are allowed to write multiple ...
1k views

Rolling Dice puzzle

The answer is a six-letter word. Here's an attempt at a text version, but you're really better off looking at the picture. Rolling Dice To get a full tour, you must be a man of many faces and ...
601 views

Two Dice = Nine Cards

I have nine cards, each labeled with a real number (possibly negative or fractional) in a special way. When I randomly pick two of these cards without replacement and add their labels together, the ...
2k views

Fair results with unfair die

You are given a 6-sided die.The die is biased, so it is more likely to produce some results than others, but you don't know the exact odds. It is however given that the odds are the same for each roll,...
3k views

A loaded die looks like a regular six-sided die, but instead of each number 1-6 being equally likely, some numbers may be more or less likely than others. Is it possible to have two loaded dice so ...
2k views

The Sphinx's Dice

"I'm bored of riddles, I'm going to ask you a question about dice instead", says the Sphinx. "Now, I've got this set of Efron Dice here. There's four dice, and they have these values on their faces:" ...
1k views

Date Dice Dilemma

My cousin just learned about numbers and dates in school and I would like to give him a little present: A set of (regular, six-sided) dice with which he can display the current date if he turns them ...
5k views

How to simulate one die with three dice?

I do not know if there is a correct solution to this puzzle, but I can't stop thinking about it, so here goes: is it possible to accurately simulate a single, fair, six-sided die using three custom ...
2k views

The Good, the Bad and the Ugly

Tuco, Blondie and Sentenza play a game with a single die. Tuco has the first roll, then Blondie, and then Sentenza, and so on. As soon as a player tosses a six, that player drops out of the game and ...
2k views

Who's favored in this dice game?

Alyson and Bethany decide to play a game involving a (standard six-sided) die. Alyson goes first, and rolls the die: if she rolls a 6, then she wins. Otherwise, Bethany takes the die and rolls until ...
1k views

Crazy Dice - Unusual Dice with Usual Sum

Can you design two six-sided dice (different from the standard ones), where each face has a nonzero number of dots, so that the probability distribution of their total is the same as for two standard ...
3k views

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2 of 4 cards for 1 die

These are equivalent to using using a deck of 4 cards to emulate a 6-sided die. A. Assign integer values to   a, b, c, d   so that the 6 possible &...
364 views

Four dice puzzle: What's the best throw?

This continues Damiano's puzzle "Four dice puzzle: 2,2,4,5" Damiano keeps throwing his four dice. After a lot of throwing and thinking and working, he has determined for every throw $a,b,c,d$ of his ...
634 views

Four dice puzzle: 2,2,4,5

Damiano has thrown four dice and the numbers 2, 2, 4, 5 showed up on top. Damiano asks himself: What is the smallest positive integer that cannot be generated with these four numbers according to ...
1k views

A first choice die

You and your friend have met to play a game of dice. This is a very simple game where both players roll a die at the same time, and the player with the lower score pays a coin to the other player. In ...
1k views

A Pair of Odd (but Still Balanced) Dice

I have a pair of odd six-sided dice at my house... I don't quite remember where I got them. Each die has only one number on each side, and each of these numbers is a positive number. Each pair of ...
438 views

Cheating aplenty at Build-a-Die 2017

Each year, 9 affluent acquaintances meet to compete in a unique game of chance: each creates a fair six-sided die and rolls against each opponent 100 times -- the player with the most total wins in ...
524 views

Building the ideal Scrabble dice set

This is a genuine question and I don't know the "correct" answer to this. I'm also of two minds if it is really on-topic on the site. Finding the answer is surely "a puzzle" (if possible), but it ...
265 views

A strange message full of dice came in my mail

So I got a package today that contained the strangest contents. It was a set of dice, each of them numbered in one of the corners. Arranged, this is what numbers or characters displayed on each dice, ...
304 views

West face East face

The 1 x 1 x 2 die with new configuration was created from 2 dice (w/ opposite faces total 7) that were glued together on one of their faces. If this long die is rolled twice, the sum of non-repeated ...
A standard $6$-sided die is put inside a cup. The cup is shaken and put upside-down, hiding the die. You are going to guess what is the number on the top of the die. But, instead of given $6$ ...