Questions tagged [calculation-puzzle]

A puzzle that involves numerical calculations, such as multiplication and addition. Use with the [mathematics] tag.

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137
votes
8answers
40k views

How can 64 = 65?

Here is a interesting picture with two arrangements of four shapes. How can they make a different area with the same shapes?
80
votes
15answers
90k views

A camel transporting bananas

A somewhat well-known puzzle is described as such: You have a pile of 3,000 bananas. You wish to transport them to a place 1,000 miles away on the back of a camel; however, the camel can only carry ...
78
votes
15answers
15k views

Making π from 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 [closed]

There have been two other questions here and here that are similar to this one, but this changes the rules up a little. Your job is to approximate $\pi$ using the sequence of digits (in order): 1 2 3 ...
77
votes
4answers
7k views

The mother of all age-of-the-captain riddles

A few days ago, as I was delving into the mess in my grand parents' attic, I found an impressive ancient book that was written in a language that I had never seen before. "This book is a collection ...
61
votes
12answers
22k views

XOR - Is it possible to get a, b, c from a⊕b, b⊕c, a⊕c?

Just got a simple question from a friend; still thinking. Let's share it! Is it possible to get a, b, c when you have a⊕b, b⊕c, a⊕c ? where ⊕ is the boolean ...
53
votes
8answers
17k views

The Cucumber Paradox

Suppose you have 100 lbs of cucumbers and these cucumbers consist of 99% water. You decide to leave the cucumbers in the sun for a while until they consist of 98% water. You bring the cucumbers back ...
53
votes
6answers
3k views

Can you explain these equations?

Anthony just got a new drone with an HD camera and microphone, and he is eager to test it out. He connects his computer to its wireless live video stream, opens up his window, and flies it outside. ...
50
votes
3answers
6k views

Where is Jennifer's husband?

Jennifer is 21 years older than her son Douglas. 6 years from now, Jennifer will be 5 times as old as Douglas. Question: Where is Jennifer's husband most likely to be right now?
50
votes
1answer
1k views

Self-referential Sudoku

I built this a while back but never had a good forum for it; this seems like the perfect spot to turn it loose. This is a 'traditional' Sudoku; cells are filled with numbers from 1 through 9, and all ...
47
votes
10answers
182k views

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 100

The sequence of numbers $1\ 2\ 3\ 4\ 5\ 6\ 7\ 8\ 9$ has the property that you can insert mathematical operators in between the numbers from $1$ to $9$ and make the expression evaluate to 100. For ...
47
votes
4answers
14k views

I don't know the two numbers... but now I do

Two perfect logicians, Summer and Proctor, are told that integers 𝑥 and 𝑦 have been chosen such that 1 < 𝑥 < 𝑦 and 𝑥 + 𝑦 < 100. Summer is given the value 𝑥 + 𝑦 and Proctor is given ...
39
votes
7answers
7k views

9-5=5? Matchstick problem

Move one matchstick to make an equality. Question made by me (Is this too easy?)
39
votes
4answers
5k views

Find average age without revealing your age

Ana, Barbara, Carol and Diana want to know their average age. But no lady wants to disclose her age. They decide a strategy and use a calculator (one that doesn't store steps) and tapped some keys ...
36
votes
5answers
5k views

My grandfather's socks

My grandfather has a big drawer where he keeps his socks. The drawer contains more than 900 but less than 1000 individual socks. Each of his socks is black or blue, and there are more blue socks than ...
36
votes
1answer
4k views

Ernie's automatic parking valet

I was helping Ernie out in his shed a while back, when his favorite screwdriver suddenly wore out. I offered to go and pick up a new one for him and Ernie thought it was a great opportunity to test-...
35
votes
6answers
8k views

Rendering the number 10,958 with the string 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Brazilian mathematician Inder Taneja has found a way of expressing every number between 1 and 11,111, except 10,958, by inserting mathematical operators in between the numbers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 and ...
35
votes
4answers
3k views

Display a number using a scientific calculator with most keys are stuck

Your have a scientific calculator such that most of the keys are unable to be pressed. The only keys that work are those for the functions $$ x^2 \;\; \sqrt{x} \;\; x!\;\; \exp\;\; \ln\;...
34
votes
21answers
12k views

3:3! It's a football score! [closed]

Given to me, by a friend: How would you make 20, using two threes? You may use any basic operation. And others, such as square roots (the symbol), factorials, etc. Any operation is allowed. Just ...
34
votes
12answers
4k views

Mr. Hilbert and the Problem of the Erroneous Equation

Having had just checked into the Grand Hotel, Mr. Hilbert slumped into the hotel room armchair with relief. Finally he could have some peace and quiet and solve the quaint riddle his colleague gave ...
33
votes
2answers
2k views

A moderate visual number puzzle

In the following diagram, each red dot represents a positive number. The dot-numbers on each of the five circles spell out either a word (each dot corresponding to a letter) or a number (each dot ...
33
votes
2answers
2k views

The Nuclear Missile Standoff

Three world powers have just entered a nuclear war! They have been waiting for this day for decades; everyone has their nuclear missiles ready to fire, and only need to choose a target. The Chinese ...
33
votes
1answer
1k views

Integers around a circle with consecutive pairs adding to a square

The integers 1 to 50 are placed around a circle in such a way that the sum of any two of them which are adjacent is a perfect square. Of these integers, the even numbers are then removed. Restore them....
33
votes
2answers
3k views

Ernie and the Alchemist's Gift

For Ernie, the task of choosing Christmas presents for his friends is always a struggle. I think that is because, while he finds it easy to solve problems relating to machines, mathematics, and ...
32
votes
10answers
10k views

How many steps are visible on the Escalator?

Alice walks down an upward escalator and counts 150 steps. Bob walks up the same escalator and counts 75 steps. Alice takes three times as many steps in a given time as Bob. How many steps are ...
32
votes
4answers
2k views

Sum other numbers

Begin with a flagrantly erroneous summation and a woefully vacant substitution table. 234 + 5 Digit 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 ------- ...
31
votes
2answers
3k views

Sum of the first 86 square roots

Without using a calculator or a computer, can you compute the sum of square roots of the first 86 natural numbers, rounded to the nearest integer? In other words, we are looking for $\sqrt{1} + \sqrt{...
31
votes
1answer
2k views

Computation without a computer

In the number $(1+\sqrt{3})^{2015}$, what is the 224th digit after the decimal point? You may NOT use a calculator, computer, or any electronic aid to answer this question. Only pen(cil), paper, and ...
31
votes
1answer
2k views

What is a BEN Number™?

This is in the spirit of the What is a Word/Phrase™ series started by JLee with Number version puzzles. If a number conforms to a special rule, I call it a BEN Number™. Use the following examples ...
30
votes
12answers
9k views

Correct way to add 22 to 4 to get given value

I was asked this logic puzzle in an interview. Tell me a correct way by which adding 22 to 4 will give 2. I asked interviewer what is the base of those numbers. He told that those are decimal ...
30
votes
9answers
5k views

How many consecutive positive integers can you make using exactly four instances of the digit '4'?

Starting at 1 (which is 4 - $\sqrt4$ - 4/4), how many consecutive integers can you make using exactly four instances of the digit '4'? Basic rules: Any operator symbol is "free". Any printed '4' ...
30
votes
7answers
9k views

Aside from brute force, how can I solve this puzzle?

Once upon a time, and old lady went to sell her vast quantity of eggs at the local market. When asked how many she had, she replied: Son, I can't count past 100 but I know that: If you ...
29
votes
4answers
46k views

Create all numbers from 0-100 only using all of 1,2,3,4 and 5

Create all numbers from 0-100 only using 1,2,3,4 and 5. No repeats and you have to use each number. Also, you can use any operation. I've only gotten to 50 by pure brute force. I think that this might ...
29
votes
10answers
9k views

Using only 1s, make 29 with the minimum number of digits

Use the minimum number of ones to make 29. Here is the list of operations permitted: "Standard" operations, such as: $x+y$, $x-y$, $x\times y$, $x\div y$ Negation: $-x$ Exponentiation of two numbers:...
29
votes
11answers
7k views

Make 11 from five identical digits

At a tender age my father introduced me to an arithmetic game: making the number 11 from five single digits using only the basic operators listed here: ...
28
votes
5answers
2k views

Making Things Difficult

An entry in Fortnightly Topic Challenge #35: Restricted Title 1. Factoring the Time Think fast! If you're looking for meaning, these clocks have some for you. Keyboards are Disgusting Gunky ...
28
votes
3answers
3k views

What, the answer isn't the No of the Yes is?

Doorknob knows exactly how to solve this, so I ask him to not answer this question. Well, here's the puzzle: No, an answer is the cube without A, No? The Yes is No. The squared answer, Yes, is to an ...
28
votes
1answer
2k views

How many silver marbles does Paul have?

Peter, Paul and Mary have between them 282 marbles. Though of the three friends, it is Peter who has the most marbles, he is the one with the fewest silver marbles, just the square root of the ...
26
votes
3answers
5k views

How do I convince my grandmother?

How do I convince my grandmother (who really hates mathematics) that there exist three positive integers $x,y,z$ that satisfy the equation $28x+30y+31z=3650$?
26
votes
6answers
29k views

The 10,958 Problem

Here is the task: Write down 10958 using all 1-9 digits in ascending order and only one time. You are allowed to: 1) group digits into numbers 2) use 5 basic operations: + - * / ^ ("^" ...
25
votes
2answers
3k views

Five loaves and the extra traveller

Two people are travelling together. One of them has three loaves of bread; the other one has two. At some point they stop to eat lunch. A third traveler that happens to walk by joins them. They split ...
25
votes
4answers
12k views

The largest integer made of 1,2,3,4

What is the largest integer $A$ that can be produced from the four digits $1,2,3,4$ subject to the following rules? Each of the digits $1,2,3,4$ is used exactly once. Juxtaposition of digits is ...
25
votes
3answers
2k views

A game of multiplication and addition

Carol is playing a game with Alice and Bob. She secretly chooses two integers between 1 and 10 and gives the sum to Alice and the product to Bob. After some time, the following discussion occurs: ...
25
votes
6answers
1k views

Some numbers are more equivalent than others

[Second part and bounty challenge appended in May 2020]           ALL ANIMALS ARE EQUAL    BUT ...
23
votes
5answers
1k views

Painted faces on a cube

Here's another challenge I used to give to my students: Let's begin with a bunch of little white cubes assembled into a big white cube. All the little white cubes are equal. Then I decide to paint ...
23
votes
1answer
817 views

A Tour Around a Triangle

Place the 18 even integers between 2 and 36 in the empty nodes of this triangular graph in such a way that if a path is drawn by coloring in red all the edges joining any two nodes whose numbers add ...
22
votes
3answers
18k views

Write twenty-four from four numbers

Write 24 using the four numbers 1, 3, 4, 6 and basic arithmetic. Explanations: The given are numbers, not digits, so you can't group them using decimal notation. For example, you can't create the ...
22
votes
5answers
4k views

How many flowers to buy? [duplicate]

A man decided to place some flowers on three different temples. There is a magical pond before each temple and he has to swim through each one. So his trip will be: [ pond1 - temple1 - pond2 -...
22
votes
4answers
1k views

Consecutive integers around a circle

Find a block of positive consecutive integers that can be placed around a circle in some order so that any two adjacent numbers always have a common divisor greater than 1.
22
votes
4answers
2k views

Which is larger? $\sqrt{15} - \sqrt{7} + \sqrt{5} + \sqrt{2}$ versus $5$

Which side is larger? $$ \sqrt{15} - \sqrt{7} + \sqrt{5} + \sqrt{2} \stackrel{?}{\lessgtr} 5 $$ Without using a calculator, computer, or estimating square roots, please determine which side has the ...
22
votes
1answer
3k views

How do I tell the children's ages?

My friend once told me a logic puzzle along the lines of: A student asks a teacher what the ages of the teacher's three kids are. The teacher said, "the product of their ages is 72, and the sum ...

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