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Questions tagged [calculation-puzzle]

A puzzle that involves numerical calculations, such as multiplication and addition.

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8
votes
10answers
5k views

Find the missing number: A Pentagonal pattern puzzle

This question is based upon the figure shown below. $$ \begin{array}{|ccc|c|ccc|c|ccc|} \; & 41 & \; & \; & \; & 31 & \; & \; & \; & ? & \; \\ 5 & \; ...
7
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3answers
1k views

How do I solve the “Between Worlds” Android puzzle game?

I've been struggling for a while with the Between Worlds Android game, and have not yet solved it. I've only noticed a couple vague properties that hold in localized cases. To operate the puzzle, ...
3
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1answer
327 views

Is there a more specific name for this type of arithmetic puzzle?

There are arithmetic puzzles with some numbers (typically four) and rules for combining them (perhaps just the four basic arithmetic operators or including things like combining digits 2 and 3 to make ...
5
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2answers
1k views

How many digits can be removed from a division puzzle?

Similarly to How many digits can be removed from a multiplication puzzle and still give only one answer? I am curious about division puzzles. I know this puzzle: . It has only 2 out of 42 digits $\...
17
votes
2answers
13k views

Write twenty-four from four numbers

Write 24 using the four numbers 1, 3, 4, 6 and basic arithmetic. Explanations: The given are numbers, not digits, so you can't group them using decimal notation. For example, you can't create the ...
13
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2answers
3k views

How many distinct unsolvable Rubik's cubes exist?

I wanted to answer this question: Why can't I have only one edge piece flipped on a 3X3 Rubik's cube? by saying that it is homomorphic to the illegal state in this question: Why is a ...
4
votes
1answer
955 views

Odds of duplicate birthdays

I found the following problem in an number of places online: John once bet a fellow gambler that two of the first thirty persons they met and spoke to would prove to have the same birthday. Strong ...
10
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3answers
2k views

The Magic Stick

Here's a relatively easy puzzle that's actually entirely my own creation. An old guru in an Asian monastery is showing his beloved student his gallery of items that he has either collected or kept ...
30
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7answers
8k views

Aside from brute force, how can I solve this puzzle?

Once upon a time, and old lady went to sell her vast quantity of eggs at the local market. When asked how many she had, she replied: Son, I can't count past 100 but I know that: If you ...
5
votes
3answers
981 views

How many digits can be removed from a multiplication puzzle and still give only one answer?

There's a common category of mathematical puzzle which involves determining missing numbers in a long multiplication problem. As an example from this site (problem 10): ...
9
votes
2answers
646 views

What size of puzzle is appropriate?

I am making a puzzle based on a Project Euler problem. Here is the puzzle at present: What path in the triangle below, starting from the top number with each step moving to one adjacent number in ...
13
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1answer
781 views

A building with an odd elevator

In a building, there is an odd elevator, which has only two buttons: UP, which makes it go up 9 floors, and DOWN, which makes it go down 7 floors. (The ground floor is floor 0.) It is possible to ...
2
votes
1answer
394 views

What is the solution to the generic round table problem?

This question was asked about a group of people whom a king wishes to play a cruel game with. Going around in a circle, the king kills every other person. The question concerned how one could ...
17
votes
2answers
3k views

N pirates steal their share of bananas to the benefit of a monkey

The following is a type of logic / math puzzle I've yet to see on this site. I feel it belongs because the kernel of this problem can be reworked into other puzzles. $N$ pirates find themselves ...
32
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2answers
2k views

The Nuclear Missile Standoff

Three world powers have just entered a nuclear war! They have been waiting for this day for decades; everyone has their nuclear missiles ready to fire, and only need to choose a target. The Chinese ...
15
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4answers
4k views

The Mexican Standoff

There are three cowboys in a Mexican standoff against each other, named Juan, José, and Jorge. Juan is the straightest shooter in the West, and can hit his target 100% of the time. José, who has a ...
5
votes
2answers
544 views

Choosing units for drug testing

Here's a third puzzle that I found in a book, slightly paraphrased because I don't entirely remember the format of the original. A medical researcher is trying to test the effect of a certain drug ...
5
votes
1answer
731 views

Shuffling Cards

I was just thinking about this. Let's say that we have a card deck with 54 cards and the $n$th card from the top is flipped. We repeat a short process of cutting the deck directly in the middle and ...
44
votes
3answers
11k views

I don't know the two numbers… but now I do

Two perfect logicians, Summer and Proctor, are told that integers $x$ and $y$ have been chosen such that $1 < x < y$ and $x+y < 100$. Summer is given the value $x+y$ and Proctor is given the ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Travellers across a desert

This is a problem I once found in a math textbook a tutor used with me. A group of explorers is trying to get from their base camp to another camp which is eight days' walk through the desert. ...
63
votes
11answers
46k views

A camel transporting bananas

A somewhat well-known puzzle is described as such: You have a pile of 3,000 bananas. You wish to transport them to a place 1,000 miles away on the back of a camel; however, the camel can only carry ...
13
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2answers
2k views

End of the world - on a Sunday?

If the end of the world was supposed to come on the first day of a new century, what would be the chances that it would happen on a Sunday?
21
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I tell the children's ages?

My friend once told me a logic puzzle along the lines of: A student asks a teacher what the ages of the teacher's three kids are. The teacher said, "the product of their ages is 72, and the sum of ...
2
votes
2answers
469 views

The problem of the hired hands' work rates [closed]

A farmer is looking to hire some hired hands. His usual three hires are named Barry, Harry, and Larry. He knows from hiring them before that: Working together, Barry and Harry can plow an acre in ...
15
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2answers
18k views

What's the fewest weights you need to balance any weight from 1 to 40 pounds?

Suppose you want to create a set of weights so that any object with an integer weight from 1 to 40 pounds can be balanced on a two-sided scale by placing a certain combination of these weights onto ...
0
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4answers
1k views

Three Gallon Jug and 5 Gallon Jug [duplicate]

One of the classical puzzles is pouring water into the 5 gallon jug so there is 4 gallons of water remaining. This was popularized by Bruce Willis in "Die Hard with a Vengeance". I was wondering ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

Round-Robin Tournament

20 teams played in a round-robin tournament. The winner of each game got 1 point, and the loser got 0; there were no draws. Each team's total score was a square number. At least one team had a unique ...