Questions tagged [arithmetic]

For puzzles involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
-1
votes
1answer
39 views

Second by Second, Digit by Digit [closed]

You are currently attending your one-hour-detention for skipping the class free time, which is the last five minutes of the day. What is ironic is that you skipped it to apply for a Computer Science ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

The two brothers' ages dilemma [closed]

There are many variations of this riddle, I made up this one to make my point : Jim is 8 years old and his brother Daniel is twice older. When Jim will be 10 times older than now, how old will Daniel ...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

Sum with letters, find the values

In the following addition setup, each letter correspond to a unique digit. Find the different values of the letters. Requirement: r is not equal to 0. ...
12
votes
2answers
401 views

The art of computer programming

EDIT: I know we are not supposed to edit in new requirements after first posting but as far as I understand it this requirement is implicit in all questions here: Explain your answer! At least a ...
1
vote
0answers
107 views

XOR -Is it possible to prove that if A=C⊕B then B=C⊕A and C=A⊕B using Boolean algebra only? [closed]

If you write out the truth tables then it's pretty simple but I was wondering if there was a nicer proof using Boolean algebra only
13
votes
4answers
2k views

77-digit number divisible by 7 with seven 7s

The smallest number divisible by 7 with seven 7s is trivially 7777777. Then, what is the greatest 77-digit number divisible by 7 which contains seven 7s?
1
vote
0answers
94 views

Robot's Step, Step, Sent Back!

So there is this robot. Its origin is at (0, 0), index 0. Each pair of coordinates will have same numbers for x and y. How the robot moves is this: ...
3
votes
1answer
155 views

How to get these outputs using these inputs?

Examples of inputs and outputs: Input: 3 7 20 Output: 1 Input: 17 2 1651 Output: 34 Input: 4 3 5 Output: 2 Input: 1000000000 1000000000 1000000007 Output: 49 Input: 27 37 100 Output: 99
1
vote
1answer
163 views

My Latest Password

-What is your password?- my niece asks me. -It is a four digit number. -I know that. -It is divisible by precisely three primes. -Tell me more. -It has at least one common divisor greater than 1 with ...
3
votes
2answers
158 views

How many steps for matchstick-Lychrel numbers?

The Lychrel number is famous in the recreational mathematics. The process about the Lychrel numbers reverses arrangement of the previous number. Mimicking Lychrel numbers, I would like to devise ...
8
votes
2answers
345 views

Remember the 60s? Far-out man!

Can you convert the following to my unusual currency? 1.25, 1.75, 2.75, 3.25 Having done that, can you explain why some people think the smallest of these is somehow the biggest - at least as far I'm ...
2
votes
2answers
178 views

What's one and one and one and one and [closed]

Good morning. Today I am going to test your mental arithmetic. To do so I shall ask you to give me the sum of a series of ones. I shall say One and one and one and one and one and one, etc. Of course ...
14
votes
1answer
622 views

The numbers on blackboard

The numbers $2020,2019,2018,...,1$ are written on the blackboard from left to right. John repeats the following process until there is only one number left: John chooses the first two numbers from ...
5
votes
2answers
184 views

Swapping the first and last digits of an integer

Take any n-digit integer (n > 1) and interchange its first and last digits. If neither of these is 0, and they are different, does it happen infinitely often that the resulting number is a multiple ...
9
votes
1answer
444 views

Pairs of Bogotá Numbers

A Bogotá number is a positive integer equal to some smaller number, or itself, times its digital product, i.e. the product of its digits. For example, 138 is a Bogotá number because 138 = 23 x (2 x 3)....
40
votes
7answers
6k views

9-5=5? Matchstick problem

Move one matchstick to make an equality. Question made by me (Is this too easy?)
7
votes
2answers
681 views

A Covid-19 puzzle: Alcohol for your School!

You are the principal of a primary school in HK. Schools are resuming soon, and you have to ensure that your school have enough alcohol. Each of the 30 classrooms should have a bottle containing 500mL ...
4
votes
1answer
124 views

Numbers Relation Puzzle

I've written a numbers relation puzzle, I'd like to share it with you and see what you fellas think. ------ Try to find the relation between the numbers------ Good to know: there are 2 parameters ...
10
votes
4answers
752 views

Smallest integer whose first n multiples contain the digit 1

For some time now I have been investigating the function $M(n)$, the least integer such that the first $n$ multiples of $M(n)$ contain the digit $1$. Thus $M(3) = 51$, because $51$ is the smallest ...
9
votes
7answers
1k views

Confusion on a math puzzle

One of my colleagues asked me below puzzle, Three friends went to a picnic. 1st and 2nd friends collected woods for cooking where 3rd friend did not participated because he was sick. 1st friend ...
4
votes
3answers
188 views

The death prism

One day, you are caught by a evil wizard. He presents you with a prism, and says, "You can ask me to turn this prism to any $n$-angled right prism. Then you shall fill in $1$ to $3n$ with no ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Use all of the following symbols and numbers in one equation for the result to be equal to 10 [duplicate]

Use all of the following symbols and numbers in one equation for the result to be equal to 10 (14, 12, 9 , 7, 3) (÷ × - +)
1
vote
1answer
173 views

Make the numbers 1-100 using 8 8s

Rules: Make the numbers 1-100 using eight 8s Use the operations + - * / exponentiation and ! No Rounding as in $(\sqrt{88}+8*8+8+8+8)/8= 12$ No using other digits Multi digit numbers ...
2
votes
2answers
174 views

Make the numbers 1-100 using six 6s

Rules: Make the numbers 1-100 using six 6s Use the operations + - * / exponentiation and ! No Rounding as in $((6 - (6 + 6) / 6) + 6!!) / 6 = 9$ No using other digits Multi digit ...
1
vote
0answers
101 views

What could be the answer of this maths puzzle? [closed]

Found this puzzle online. Tried many possible combinations of numbers with multiplication, addition etc. Has anyone ever solved this?
4
votes
2answers
243 views
-2
votes
2answers
319 views

Make the numbers 1-50 using the digits 2, 0, 2, 0

Try to make all the numbers from 1-50 using 2, 0, 2, 0 exactly once. Rules: Use only the operations +, -, *, /, !, exponents and square root No rounding eg. ...
11
votes
1answer
447 views

Can you decipher these ancient numerals?

This stone was found at the foot of an ancient door. This old note with some mathematical relationships was discovered nearby. Can you use this information to figure out what number each of the 9 ...
3
votes
2answers
268 views

Missing numbers

The hexagon below is almost complete but there are 3 missing numbers. Try replace the question marks! Hint Hint2: Hint3
11
votes
2answers
333 views

Find the missing number from the pyramid

? 1 3 3 3 9 9 3 1 9 Find the missing number in the pyramid?
10
votes
1answer
293 views

Catching the thief before it's too late

London, 17:15. Inspector Arbor wasn't quite happy with the current situation. Normally, he would have enjoyed this sunny Saturday outside at the Park but now wasn't the time for that. Valuable ...
17
votes
2answers
698 views

This new puzzle type needs a name {5}

I believe I have invented a new type of puzzle... What is its name? Colour-blind-friendly version available here. Begin by solving the 9x9 sudoku; each of the 9 symbols ...
11
votes
1answer
231 views

One Step Forward, Two Steps Back

What is the next number in this never-ending sequence? 0 1 1 110 111 101 11000 11101 10101 1100110 1001011 ...
14
votes
2answers
295 views

Happy birthday Ramanujan!

On December 22 2019, Ramanujan would have been 132 years old. In his memory here are two puzzles around 132. In the six vertices of each of these graphs place six positive integers that add up to ...
4
votes
1answer
98 views

Highest scoring words based on distance travelled along the alphabet v2

This is a follow on from my previous word puzzle: Highest scoring words based on distance travelled along the alphabet The twist in this puzzle which opens it up a lot more is that the alphabet can ...
7
votes
6answers
460 views

Highest scoring words based on distance travelled along the alphabet

For any word we define it's alphabetic distance to be the total amount of places in the alphabet you need to traverse between each letter. Example: WORD has a score of 25 8 character distance ...
1
vote
2answers
161 views

Free Assignment: Longest Word Worth a Million

This is very much inspired by this question. Take the first 26 primes and relate each one to a letter of the alphabet. On this occasion, you may choose how each number is mapped to each letter (...
1
vote
3answers
362 views

Please help me to identify the pattern

$(A)72$ $(B)18$ $(C)9$ $(D)19$ Source:My coaching DPP The question asks you identify the pattern and find the missing character. I have been trying to solve this problem from a long time but I ...
10
votes
6answers
3k views

Longest word worth at most a million

An old and popular puzzle, recently revived on Twitter by Alex Bellos, Chris Smith, and others, asks to take the first 26 primes, relate each to letters of the alphabet (A = 2, B = 3, C = 5, ..., Y = ...
-4
votes
1answer
223 views

How do I solve this problem?

I am trying to answer this puzzle - which of the five potential answers is correct, and why? This test comes from Metropol iq1 book
0
votes
1answer
122 views

How do I solve this multiplication problem?

I am trying to answer this puzzle my friend created and sent to me - which of the five potential answers is correct, and why? $ 10 \times 5 = 60 \\ 6 \times 12 = 72 \\ 8 \times 3 = 44 \\ 5 \...
-2
votes
1answer
248 views

Missing Number Picture Puzzle

This is is logical reasoning puzzle in which your challenge is to find the relationship among the given numbers and then find the value of the missing number. Source: https://www.funwithpuzzles.com/...
6
votes
3answers
647 views

Number Equation Matrix

Can somebody please solve this? My daughter's school teacher gave her this puzzle to solve at home. But to me it seems a little out of order, and that's why I am asking here for help.
4
votes
2answers
237 views

Primes from arithmetic and geometric progressions

The five primes, 131, 157, 211, 349, 739, are neither in arithmetic or geometric progression, but are instead the sum of the corresponding terms of two progressions of five terms each, one arithmetic ...
10
votes
1answer
268 views

What is a Commutative Word™?

This is in the spirit of the What is a Word/Phrase™ series started by JLee with a special brand of Phrase™ and Word™ puzzles. If a word conforms to a special rule, I call it a Commutative Word™. Use ...
12
votes
1answer
483 views

What is a Heptagon Number™?

This is in the spirit of the What is a Word/Phrase™ series started by JLee with Number version puzzles. If a number conforms to a special rule, I call it a Heptagon Number™. Use the following ...
3
votes
2answers
185 views

Rearrange these 9 digits - combinatorics puzzle

4 3 2 7 1 9 6 5 8 Can you rearrange these 9 digits so that in all of the 8 directions the difference between one of the digits and the sum of the remaining two shall always be the same? In the ...
30
votes
1answer
2k views

What is a BEN Number™?

This is in the spirit of the What is a Word/Phrase™ series started by JLee with Number version puzzles. If a number conforms to a special rule, I call it a BEN Number™. Use the following examples ...
0
votes
2answers
292 views

Find the number that does not fit into the pattern shown below

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 12 34 56 78 910 1112 1314 1516 1718 1920 2122 2324 2526 2728 2930 3132 3334 3536 Each row forms a set which implements a pattern. The two patterns ...
7
votes
2answers
934 views

What is a Finale Number™?

This is in the spirit of the What is a Word/Phrase™ series started by JLee with Number version puzzles. If a number conforms to a special rule, I call it a Finale Number™. Use the following examples ...