The same basic idea (I have a lot of these): science-styled expressions that represent some popular media. Previously, some guesses were for things I would say aren't that well known, so keep in mind that if it isn't at least somewhat well known it probably isn't the intended answer. The previous parts can be found here: part 1 part 2 part 3 Edit: I changed 8 slightly, I think either version works but I will actually stick to this one.
So the only unsolved ones from melfnt and Jeremy Dover, I think, are #1 and #5.
A Quantum of Solace
The diagram looks like a Feynman diagram representing a quantum interaction on a particle which is generally distressed but briefly interacts with "comfort" (solace).
OP clarification: Force carriers are sometimes referred to as "quanta". So here you have a quantum of comfort absorbed by a distressed particle.
Raiders of the Lost Ark
The formula represents arc-length of the "Missing" function (Lost Arc) and this is the "Target" suggesting it is being raided.
Wife's busy, so maybe I can sneak this in:
A Clockwork Orange: The clock represents a potential field in the path integral, which is typically associated with doing work, so the integral is "Clockwork". The limits of integration $a,b$ have a difference of the letter $o$, making this integral calculated over an "o"-range.
Like a Rolling Stone (Bob Dylan): The kinetic energy equation of the stone has both a linear and an angular component.
Parallel Lines (Blondie): The equations of three lines that are parallel.
Nothing Compares 2 U (Prince)