# A Minesweeper Sudoku

My brother created this puzzle, and he wanted me to post this here.

Each 3x3 box contains three mines (those squares also have numbers in them). There are no mines in boxes containing a 1, 2, or 3. Instead, there are 1, 2, or 3 adjacent mines (respectively) in the same box.

Each of the dotted lines is a slightly modified Killer Sudoku Box. The number in the Killer Sudoku box is equal to the sum of the numbers on mines in that box. For example, a box which contains 2, *4, 5, 7, and *8 would be labelled 12. Each box has the additional property that no number appears twice in that box.

The numbers outside the grid are the same way - they represent the sum of the numbers on mines in that row, diagonal, or column. It should be noted that on a diagonal, numbers can repeat.

Finally, the puzzle should be solved as a normal sudoku. Each row, column, and box should contain each of the numbers 1-9 once.

• Does "adjacent" mean orthogonally adjacent, or could also be diagonally? Commented Jun 28, 2020 at 18:27
• Diagonally counts. Like minesweeper! Commented Jun 28, 2020 at 18:29
• Tell your brother he's a fiendish genius :-) Commented Jun 29, 2020 at 18:44
• @Randal'Thor I did! He's saying I should give you a hint because he doesn't believe in you. (I do, so no hint for now) Commented Jul 1, 2020 at 3:29
• Commented Aug 19, 2020 at 1:09

Here is the solution

Each digit in a sudoku must be one of four classes: <063> <144> <225> <306> where < A B C > represents the number of centre/edge/corner cells in a 3x3 box. The digit 1 can never appear in a centre box otherwise the minesweeper condition immediately fails. Therefore digit 1 must be class <063>. Any digit 3 appearing in a corner cell immediately forces a 1 in the opposite corner. Therefore digit 3 must also be class <063> otherwise digit 1 will be the wrong class. For the same reason, any digit 1 in a corner cell immediately forces a 3 in the opposite corner. Hence 1’s and 3’s in corner cells are “equivalent”. For reasons of space I will only outline the remainder of the solution – besides, anyone who can work out the first step should be capable of working out the details. The next step is to experiment with possible configurations of happy stars within a 3x3 box. There are only three valid configurations (ignoring rotation or reflection). The happy stars uniquely determine the location of 1 and 3 but unfortunately there are multiple options for the 2. The centre of each box will always contain a happy star. With some logic we can place the majority of the 1's 3’s and happy stars. Now the cage and diagonal clues come into play and we can start placing numbers 4 or higher. Remember that digits can repeat on a diagonal. The rest of the solve should be pretty straightforward. This took me longer than it should have, and I eventually realised that non-happy-star digits cannot repeat in a cage. It turns out this is enough to force a unique solution. This is a fantastic puzzle, easily harder than anything I have seen on Cracking The Cryptic. Well done to the setter!

Some general observations:

• Each 3x3 box contains exactly three mines. They can't be all in a single row, column, or diagonal, since then the $$1$$ in that box would be unplaceable. If the $$3$$ in a box is in the corner, then the $$1$$ must be in the opposite corner. The centre cell of a box can never be $$1$$ or $$2$$.
• Two other forbidden combinations of mine placement are $$\{$$top-left, top-middle, middle-left$$\}$$ and $$\{$$top-left, top-middle, bottom-left$$\}$$ (also rotations and reflections of these patterns), since then the $$2$$ in that box would be unplaceable.
• Every mine cell must be at least $$4$$, so in Killer Sudoku boxes or row/column sums, two mines can give a sum from $$9$$ to $$17$$ inclusive, three mines from $$15$$ to $$24$$ inclusive, four mines from $$22$$ to $$30$$, five mines from $$30$$ to $$35$$, six mines must be $$39$$. Also, if some mine cells sum to $$9$$, then they must be either a single cell containing $$9$$ or two cells containing $$4,5$$, while if some mine cells sum to $$10$$, then they must be two cells containing either $$4,6$$ or $$5,5$$.

Of particular interest in this puzzle:

Killer Sudoku Box 14 has two mines ($$5,9$$ or $$6,8$$). Column 28 has four mines ($$4,7,8,9$$ or $$5,6,8,9$$).

Step-by-step deductions - Start with the Killer Sudoku box summing to $$34$$.

It can contain at most five mine cells (three from the top-middle box, two from the top-right box), but less than five can't sum to $$34$$, so it must be exactly five. Therefore all the mines of the top-middle box must be in that Killer Sudoku box. Then there's only one possible position for the mine adjacent to the already-placed $$1$$, and the $$3$$ must also be in that box. Using red for mines and grey for not-mines, we have this, with the numbers inside that 2x2 square being $$3$$ and three of $$9,8,7,6,4$$ (these being the five mine cells summing to $$34$$).

Also, the Killer Sudoku box summing to $$22$$.

It can contain at most four mine cells (the lower three of the five can't all be mines), but less than three can't sum to $$22$$, so it must be three or four. If it's three, they must be $$9,8,5$$ or $$9,7,6$$; if it's four, they must be $$4,5,6,7$$.

And the Killer Sudoku box summing to $$27$$.

By the general observations above about what given numbers of mines can sum to, this box must contain exactly four mines, $$4,7,8,9$$ or $$5,6,8,9$$. In the bottom-left and bottom-middle boxes, that's either three (counting the centre cell) and one, or two and (both) two. Also the two cells in the $$9$$ diagonal can't both be mines, because if there are two mines in this diagonal they must be $$4$$ and $$5$$, which can't both appear as mines in the $$27$$ box.

Now consider the row with $$32$$ sum.

Any row or column can contain at most six mines. Here some of the numbers $$4,5,6,7,8,9$$ must sum to $$32$$, so it can only be the five numbers $$4,5,6,8,9$$. Considering the top three 3x3 boxes, two of them must have two mines in the middle row, and the third must have exactly one mine in the middle row.

This is still a very partial answer, but it's a very hard puzzle! Maybe someone else can continue from here, using some of my methodology and deductions, or I'll come back later to expand on this.

• I've been working on this on-and-off myself too and I agree, it is a VERY difficult puzzle. Most of my 'progress' (for what it's worth - probably still not even 5% of the solution) has come in the bottom left and bottom centre 3x3 boxes - I recommend you take a look there for deductions that can be made. Unfortunately I had not noticed (until you pointed it out here) the rule that the 1, 2 and 3 refer to mines IN THE SAME 3x3 BOX, so I have been overly restrictive in my workings out, thinking mines in other boxes counted too! Oh well, one to return to and revamp when time allows...
– Stiv
Commented Jun 29, 2020 at 14:01
• Howdy! I had some additions which extended your logic but didn't break any new ground. Rather than clutter with a new answer, I simply edited your answer to add my observations in. I think this is going to be a community effort. Please feel free to revert if this is not copacetic. Commented Jun 29, 2020 at 17:24

Brilliant puzzle, indeed. I have been in an on/off relationship since the puzzle was first shown on LogicMasters. Unfortunately, if I am not completely mistaken, the puzzle doesn't have a unique solution. At least, I have found a solution with the identical pattern of mines, 3s and 1s, the identical pattern of the "relevant" mines, i.e. those that contribute to the totals being given, and the pattern of all 4s and 9s. The main difference is the distribution of the 2s in boxes 1, 2 and 5 (the others being identical to the solution shown here), which results in corresponding changes of some 5s, 6s, 7s and 8s in boxes 1 to 7. Of course, the number clues are OK (since the relevant positions are all identical), the mine conditions are OK (the changes of the three 2s listed above are permitted) and all Sudoku rules are fulfilled as well.

First some comments on how I arrived at my solution. Placing the mines and the 3s and 1s was the major goal from the start, including the constraints imposed on those positions by the number of mines to appear in a 3x3 box, a Killer Sudoku box or one of the diagonals, and with some help from the numbers that were permitted or excluded from contributing to the given totals.

In the first clue shown above, there is a discussion of some reciprocity between the 1s and 3s in corner positions of the 3x3 boxes. While I agree with the first conclusion shown above, I do not agree with the forced positioning of 3s when a 1 is in a corner. At least, I could not see why a 3 could not be placed anywhere in the 3x3 box without being able to find at least one option, where all three mines and the 2 could be placed in line with the minesweeper rules. If I was wrong there, I made my life much more miserable than necessary!

The deduction of the positions of the mines and the 3s and 1s was done in a stepwise order (which is at least some boderline case of using bifurcations), where I tried to identify starting scenarios, which imposed the highest number of constraints on the rest of the grid, followed by trying to prove that that scenario didn't work, so that I could exclude the starting assumption. Since I got lost a number of times, I decided to assemple a list of the different steps I took, which finally included more that 30 entries until all mines, the 3s and 1s were completely set. Once that was done, two of the 2s could easily be identified, and the rest was Killer Sudoku/Sudoku.

I have just repeated those last steps and apparently, I had made an error on my way to solving the puzzle yesterday, since I didn't spot the point in time where the path would have split to lead to the two different options.

...and a short update: Apparently, I got carried away a bit, after I had finally been able to fix all mines, 3s, 1s, and the Killer Sodoku part, and so I apparently made an error early on in the final Sudoku part, which excluded one of the options. I have now found out that this option leads to yet another solution of the puzzle, which I have now added down below. So I am now sure that the puzzle has three solutions in total, and I can finally, after two years, put that puzzle to rest. Best regards

And here are the two solutions in addition to the one shown above:

9 1 7 8 4 3 2 6 5
2 5 3 7 9 6 8 4 1
8 6 4 1 2 5 7 3 9
5 9 1 3 8 7 4 2 6
6 7 2 9 5 4 1 8 3
3 4 8 2 6 1 9 5 7
7 2 5 4 3 9 6 1 8
1 8 6 5 7 2 3 9 4
4 3 9 6 1 8 5 7 2

7 1 8 9 4 3 2 6 5
2 5 3 7 8 6 9 4 1
9 6 4 1 2 5 7 3 8
8 9 1 3 6 2 4 5 7
6 7 2 5 9 4 1 8 3
3 4 5 8 7 1 6 2 9
5 2 7 4 3 9 8 1 6
1 8 6 2 5 7 3 9 4
4 3 9 6 1 8 5 7 2

• If you believe you have an alternative solution, perhaps you could present it in an image so others can understand your findings and follow your process more clearly? Thanks.
– Stiv
Commented Sep 26, 2022 at 9:14
• Done (with the generous help of xyldke!) Commented Sep 26, 2022 at 10:40
• I've gone over this, and it seems to be correct! Well done, and I'll let by brother know he done messed up. :P Commented Sep 26, 2022 at 20:04