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A certain country of the world was named after a person.
Its capital was named after another, different person.

The given name (first name) of the first person mentioned above is identical to the surname (family or last name) of the second person mentioned above.

Identify the country, the capital, and the two people referred to.

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The country was

Rhodesia, named after Cecil Rhodes.

Its capital,

Salisbury, was named after Robert Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury.

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  • $\begingroup$ I'm curious how you found this. $\endgroup$ – msh210 May 8 at 11:00
  • $\begingroup$ @msh210 There's a helpful list on Wikipedia :) $\endgroup$ – jafe May 8 at 11:02
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Country: San Marino; Capitol City: San Marino; Person: Dalmatian stone-cutter named Marino. Source

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  • $\begingroup$ I almost went with this, but didn't think it fit the given name portion of the question, only the surname portion? $\endgroup$ – TCooper Apr 28 at 22:57
  • $\begingroup$ It seems the city and country were named after the same person. I can't tell whether Marino was his given name or his surname, but I don't see any indication that it was both. $\endgroup$ – msh210 Apr 28 at 23:03
  • $\begingroup$ @TCooper I mean they both work. $\endgroup$ – Ankit Apr 28 at 23:04
  • $\begingroup$ @TCooper Nevermind niether one works lol $\endgroup$ – Ankit Apr 28 at 23:04
  • $\begingroup$ @msh210 Oh, I never noticed that you said surname $\endgroup$ – Ankit Apr 28 at 23:05
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Country: The United States of America; Named after: Amerigo Vespucci; Capital Named After: George Washington

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This might be stretching a bit but

El Salvador, the capital of which is San Salvador, both referring to Jesus (The Savior and Holy Savior, respectively). While technically not a surname, by stretching the definition, Jesus can have a last name of Christ.

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  • 2
    $\begingroup$ Welcome to Puzzling! Please note that the question says that the first name and the surname in question are the same word. $\endgroup$ – jafe Apr 29 at 11:19

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