• I don't think either answer currently answers the question on it's own, but combined they do. Both leave out a leap in logic that the other fills. Feb 7, 2020 at 17:19
• Agree. More explanation is needed, so I removed the tick for now. Feb 7, 2020 at 23:38
• There's not really a puzzle here, is there? Feb 8, 2020 at 5:03
• @FIreCase you are almost there. You still haven't explained why division by 4 can be done easily. Feb 11, 2020 at 6:36
• But that's how we learned division in primary school, go from digit to digit...no remainders in this case... "easy to do it" Is that the "explanation" or am I missing something? Feb 11, 2020 at 15:54

$$21.1021$$, because $$84.4084\%$$ of $$25$$ equals $$25\%$$ of $$84.4084$$.

• It had never occurred to me that you can do that! Feb 7, 2020 at 17:45
• Even having graduated as a math major, it still took me a while to figure out why this was true. It might help others to add in a quick explanation as to why this works, something like rot13(k creprag bs l vf k qvivqrq ol bar uhaqerq gvzrf l, juvpu vf rdhvinyrag gb k gvzrf l qvivqrq ol bar uhaqerq, juvpu vf l creprag bs k) (Obviously with numbers and symbols it would be more clear, but I didn't want to give away the solution in a non-spoiled comment) Feb 7, 2020 at 18:52
• Great and simple. Shame I was too late for it. Feb 11, 2020 at 11:19

Notice that:

All the non-zero digits in 84.4084 are divisible by 4.

From there you can do the following steps in one go easily:

Divide 84.4084 by 100 to get the raw decimal form, then multiply by 25 to get the answer (i.e. 84.4084 * 1/100 * 25). But this is the same as multiplying 84.4084 by 25/100 (= 1/4), which is the same as dividing by 4. And since all the non-zero digits of 84.4084 are divisible by four, we can trivially compute the answer: 21.1021

Well, not sure if this is easy enough, but

multiplying 84.4084 by 5 two times is definitely doable in the head (however, I only managed to do that from the second attempt). $$84 \cdot 5 = 420$$, $$844 \cdot 5 = 4220 \implies 84.4084 \cdot 5 = 422.042$$. In a similar way we get $$422.042 \cdot 5 = 2110.21$$. The answer is therefore $$21.1021$$.