In a society, everyone goes to college and everyone has 3 children(one parent family). College is also very expensive. There are two ways that this society could pay for college. Let's say college costs $X$ amount. Either:
- Everyone pays for their own college. So everyone pays $X$ dollars.
- Everyone pays for their children's college. So everyone pays $3X$ dollars, but then they do not have to pay for their own college since their parent paid for theirs.
Why does 2 cost more than 1 even though they are equivalent in outcome?