A magic square is an n-dimensional matrix in which each row, column, and main diagonal sums to the same 'magic number' (denoted by s). A normal magic square uses each of the numbers from 1 to n exactly once.
The normal magic square below is Albrecht Durer's famous magic square in which not only the rows, columns, and diagonals add up to s=34, but also the four corners and the inner opposite sides. Of particular note is that Mr. Durer created this magic square in 1514 and the middle of the bottom row also reads 1514.
So, in that spirit, I have decided to create a normal 5x5 magic square (s=65) with the number 2019 in the middle of the bottom row. Here it is:
Note: This was generated using Loubere rule with normal vector (-2,-1) and jump vector(2,2) then permuting columns 1 and 4
I have two questions:
(1) There are 275,305,224 valid normal 5x5 magic squares. How many of those contain (2019) in the middle of the bottom row?
(2) Without moving 20, 1, or 9: Can you give me an example of a normal 5x5 magic square where the inner cross (15, 6, 17, 25, 24 in this example) also adds up to 65?