Ok this is a work-in-progress answer.
history tag you must be a historical figure of some kind. I was wondering if you are:
Ramesses III, second Pharaoh of the Twentieth dynasty in Egypt?
I was born in a holy place,
holy for a separate reason.
This is the bit I'm not sure of. Egypt is full of "holy" or sacred sites from the Ancient Egyptian period of history. Cairo, Giza, Luxor are all holy places. Trouble is, Ramesses III was born in Thebes and I can't find anything to say this is a holy site. But the other clues fit.
I was met with a great man's face,
a sight that's been lost through the seasons.
My reasons for thinking this is an historical figure from ancient Egypt is because this sounds like the Great Sphinx of Giza which had the face of Pharaoh Khafre but over the years (seasons) it has worn away. The nose and beard are missing.
I was killed in an empire's base,
victim to a violence and treason.
Egypt was an empire at the time of the Pharaohs and Ramesses III was assassinated following a conspiracy led by one of his wives.