The sound barrier
I'm not a fan of hedgehogs
Sonic the Hedgehog
Many have tried to beat me, many have failed.
The earliest to succeed, is long-tailed.
It is thought that long-tailed dinosaurs could crack their tails like a whip
If you break me, silence is all you'll hear.
The thunder will make the others fear.
If you break the sound barrier, there is a sonic boom audible to others... but not audible to the pilot, who by definition is traveling faster than the sound can catch up with her.
Others will tremble at your might,
As you break me in their sight.
I think most people would tremble if confronting a sonic boom
The flash of a whip kills me as it sings,
As well as the man who rode a bull with wings.
Whips crack faster than the speed of sound. The 'bull with wings' is Felix Baumgartner, who performed a freefall from space, breaking the sound barrier as he did so. He was sponsored by Red Bull.