The answer to this puzzle will be a year.
The image doesn't seem to be much at first glance. However:
they are actually Wakandan letters, from the recent movie Black Panther. (This is additionally hinted at by "marvelous thing", since Marvel Studios produced the movie.)
The letters spell "SOUND ABSORBING METAL". This is a reference to Vibranium, a fictional metal from the Marvel universe. In the comics, this was a naturally-occurring metal, so we must look out of universe for the answer: it was invented by Stan Lee, the author of the Daredevil comic in which it first appeared, in 1966.
The answer is
The image has runes hidden by a slightly off-white color, helpfully highlighted red by Deusovi,
which spell “SOUND ABSORBING METAL” in Wakandan (MARVEL-ous)
This metal is Vibranium, which was first invented for Fantastic 4 #52 in July of 1966
While it is certainly not the intended answer, one can take the printed words as referring to themselves in which case the thing is
movable type as evidenced by the perfect reproduction of various letters ('e', 'i', 'n', 't', and so on) that appear more than once in the text
and 1440 AD is a reasonable answer.