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(Don't worry, this is the last magic square themes question I'll be posting (as far as I know), so I picked a challenging one!)

First off, let's define what a magic square is;

A magic square is an $n\times n$ grid filled with the numbers $1$ through $n\times n$, where every horizontal, vertical, and diagonal line adds up to be the same number, this number is called the magic constant

So now let's generalize that...

A magic $m$-cube is an $n^m$ grid filled with the numbers $1$ through $n^m$, where $m > 1$ and each line on every axis adds up to be the same number. This number is called the magic constant

So now imagine the penteract being a 5-cube, so that would mean a magic penteract is an $n\times n\times n\times n\times n$ grid where each line on every axis ($v, w, x, y, z$) all adds up to the one and only Magic Constant!

Your job? Easy! Determine the $3\times 3\times 3\times 3\times 3$ magic penteract, and its magic constant!

Good luck!

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You are describing a magic hypercube. For a magic hypercube's Magic Sum, have $M_k(n)$, where $k$ is the dimensionality (5 in this case), and $n$ is the size of each row/column. In general this gives:

$M_k(n) = n\Big( \frac{n^k +1}{2}\Big)$ for n > x where x is particular to each k.

So, in your formulation, you need:

$MagicSum = 3\Big( \frac{3^5 +1}{2}\Big) = 366$

According to here:


The SMALLEST SIMPLE MAGIC HYPERCUBE of dimension 5 is of Order 3. 
Published by Hendricks in May 1962. 
All the numbers from 1 TO 243 are arranged in such a way that the Magic Sum is: 
366 in 421 ways.

81 rows            (parallel to x-axis) 
81 columns (parallel y-axis) 
81 pillars (parallel to z-axis) 
81 files            (parallel to w-axis)
81 posts            (parallel to v-axis) 
16 pentagonals (continuous) 
Altogether 421 ways.

The number of dimension 5 hypercubes is not known (for any order), 
but there are 3840 variations of each due to rotations and reflections.
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  • $\begingroup$ This still does not tell me what the lines within the penteract are $\endgroup$ – warspyking Dec 5 '14 at 10:25
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    $\begingroup$ @warspyking do you want all 3840 variations of 243 numbers, or just one? $\endgroup$ – BmyGuest Dec 5 '14 at 19:28
  • $\begingroup$ @BmyGuest Just 1 $\endgroup$ – warspyking Dec 5 '14 at 20:11
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Marián Trenkler constructs magic $m$-cubes of arbitrary size in the papers [1] and [2]. The following theorem is in [2]:

Theorem: A magic $m$-cube of size $\underbrace{n\times\ldots\times n}_m$ exists if and only if $m\geq 2$ and $n\neq2$, or $m=1$.

This means that a $3\times3\times3\times 3\times 3$ magic penteract exists.

[1] Trenkler, Marián. Magic $p$-dimensiona cubes of order $n\neq 2\mod 4$. Acta Arith. 92 (2000), no. 2, 189-194.

[2] Trenkler, Marián. Magic $p$-dimensiona cubes. Acta Arith. 96 (2001), no. 4, 361-364.

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  • $\begingroup$ That doesn't answer the question about what it is and what it's magic constant is. $\endgroup$ – warspyking Dec 5 '14 at 10:23

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