Very Partial Not as Partial as before answer to get somebody else started, since nobody has attempted this, and I won't have the time in the next couple of days: The poem is composed of
names for I Ching hexagrams, which have a numerical value.
Continuing several days later..
With the hint in place, it seems likely that the values I mentioned above are irrelevant, as already deduced by M Oehm. So it's down to finding the correct way to interpret the symbols themselves.
Collecting everything on one line we get the following (in unicode. if you have display issues, M Oehm's answer has ascii art)
䷌䷐䷁ / ䷤䷂/ ䷜䷃䷢ / ䷁䷅䷻䷰ / ䷈ / ䷙ / ䷕䷝ / ䷒䷪䷤
Then using the scribbled number sequence 4,3,3,3,2,1 as a guide,
taking the numbers to mean the length of the morse symbol, and reading the hexagrams from bottom to the top, (broken line is short, whole line is long), we get
-.-- --- ..- -.. .. . .. / -. -. --- ...- . / .-..-. .-...- ...-.- / ...... .-.--- --..-. -.---./ ---.-- / ---..- / -.-..- -.--.- / --.... -----. -.-.--
Y O U D I E (I N N O V E etc)
Since it's surprisingly tricky to decode without additional numbers, I'll just leave it at interpreting the handwritten number sequence as being the whole message, which would then read, ominously enough,
I'll try decoding the rest of the poem later.
Looks like the previous person trying to solve this got the message wrong, it doesn't read "YOU DIE", instead the beginning is very likely "YOU DISCOVERED"
After that, though, I'm getting nowhere, and writing a small piece of code to try every word in a dictionary to see if it fits would take a bit of time, (which I don't really have), so please feel free to continue from here.
The third hint seems to make it painfully obvious that there is at least one typo in the problem. M Oehm discovered a very plausible solution that assumes there are actually two.
As it stands, the message is
You discover a fin in the fog. TY you can go home.
OP EDIT: I'm really sorry for the many mistakes this puzzle did contain, and which I hope I've finally fixed. The puzzle has now been modified to give the intended solution, that is:
"You discovered the I Ching, now you can go home!"
Something has gone wrong in the creation of this puzzle, that I think has a good idea behind it, but a dramatically problematic execution (just after a long revision I found that the table I used to convert symbols into code was uncorrect).
I'll take all the blame for this, hoping it will help me in the future to create better and less faulty puzzles; and I take the occasion to apologize with all the guys who tried (and managed, despite the errors!) to solve the puzzle, and who lost a lot of precious time just because of my superficiality.