11
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The numbers 1 through 6 are arranged so that any number resting between and below two other numbers is the difference between those two numbers. A square between 2 adjacent circles means the difference is 1.

enter image description here

Using numbers 1 through 15, fill in the circle's below to create a "difference triangle" with the same conditions.

enter image description here

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  • 2
    $\begingroup$ Very nice trail of clues $\endgroup$ – humn Mar 9 '17 at 5:44
11
+50
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The solution is:

Solution

We'll mark the empty circles with letters for ease of reference: enter image description here

Now note that:

$I$ cannot be $9$, else $F$ would have to be $17$. So $I=7$. Also, $F$ is the difference between two consecutive number (joined by a square), so $F=1$. This also means that $G$ is one more than $J$.
enter image description here

Now observe:

since $|7-J|=4$, $J$ could be $3$ or $11$. But $J$ being $3$ forces $G=4$, which is already used, so $J=11$. $M$ can be $3$ or $5$; however, $M=3$ means $L=1$ or $7$, both of which are used; so $M=5$. This means $L=9$, and $K=2$.
enter image description here

At this point,

$H$ could be $10$ or $14$; but $H=14$ means $D$ and $E$ are $1$ and $15$ in some order, but $1$ is used. So $H=10$.
enter image description here

Now note that:

we need a pair of consecutive numbers in the top row for $B$ and $C$. The only such pairs left are $13,14$ or $14,15$. But $B$ can't be $13$ or $15$; since that would force $A$ to be $5$ or $7$, both of them already in the grid. So $B=14, A=6$. The rest is easy enough to guess and check, which leads us to the solution presented above.

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  • 2
    $\begingroup$ This looked like it would get the attention deserved without a bounty, Ankoganit. But not after all, in the opinion of $\endgroup$ – humn Apr 14 '17 at 0:41
  • $\begingroup$ Ps. Very clean notation, well chosen for the layout $\endgroup$ – humn Apr 14 '17 at 0:51

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