# Too Many Damn Buffalos [closed]

"Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo"

The sentence above is an actual sentence which makes perfect sense and is not wrong.
The word "Buffalo" has three meanings:

1) The City of Buffalo, New York
2) To buffalo (verb) to bully/intimidate
3) The animal Buffalo/bison


Can you explain what this sentence means?

• It means "Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo". Correct? – nicael Oct 6 '14 at 13:25
• Given that any sequence of buffalos is grammatically correct there's a follow up question: What does buffalo repeated n times mean? (I mean for each n natural number) and more interesting, what's the meaning of an infinite sequence of buffalos? – Bakuriu Oct 6 '14 at 17:14
• Am I wrong, or is the sentence meaningless without 2 commas? "Buffalo buffalo, Buffalo buffalo buffalo, buffalo Buffalo buffalo." Without those, it's not a proper sentence, is it? – mbm29414 Oct 6 '14 at 22:07
• Now count the number of consecutive "and" here (though the sentence does not consist only of "and"s) – Hagen von Eitzen Oct 7 '14 at 10:41
• I'm voting to close this question as off-topic because it isn't really a puzzle, just an "explain this" question – Spencerkatty May 19 '15 at 14:43

Basically, it's "buffalo who reside in Buffalo, NY that bully other buffalo that also live there, also bully themselves."

• Shouldn't it be "buffalo who reside in Buffalo, NY, who have been bullied by other buffalo who also live there, also themselves bully"? Otherwise, you're just saying "x and y implies y" which isn't that strong of a statement. – wchargin Oct 6 '14 at 14:31
• Not sure if the strength of the statement is what's in question here. It's a ridiculous sentence to begin with. – generalcrispy Oct 6 '14 at 14:36
• right, poorly phrased on my part…but I hope you take my meaning – wchargin Oct 6 '14 at 14:37
• I don't think this answer is quite right - the puzzle says nothing about bison bullying themselves, only that they bully bison (probably other bison). – DeveloperInDevelopment Oct 6 '14 at 18:03
• This isn't as accurate as the answer below. – Luke May 19 '15 at 12:56

Wikipedia has a nice article on this.

Buffalo buffalo (buffalo from Buffalo NY) [that] Buffalo buffalo buffalo (that the buffalo from Buffalo NY bully) buffalo Buffalo buffalo (are bullying buffalo from Buffalo NY).

• Best answer by far. – nicael Oct 6 '14 at 15:22
• @JoeZ. B and b are different graphs, though, and audio is not the same as spelling. – Cees Timmerman Oct 7 '14 at 8:51
• They represent the same letter with different capitalization, though. Is that really enough to distinguish them as graphemes? – Joe Z. Oct 7 '14 at 16:11
• (And I must correct myself; they are actually homophones, but they are also homographs.) – Joe Z. Oct 7 '14 at 16:14
• – Cees Timmerman Oct 7 '14 at 17:46

Let's replace the place with New York
Let's replace the verb with bully
Let's keep the animal as buffalo

Original:

Buffalo   buffalo  (that)  Buffalo   buffalo  buffalo  (also)  buffalo  Buffalo   buffalo.


Replaced:

New York  buffalo  (that)  New York  buffalo  bully    (also)  bully    New York  buffalo.

• I don't understand how the sentence can stand without "that" and "also" being explicitly in the sentence. I understand it with them there, but as soon as they are removed, the sentence becomes nonsense to me. – Michael Oct 8 '14 at 3:24
• @Michael Produce (that) farmers sell tends to be fresh. – Taemyr Oct 8 '14 at 7:29
• This answer explains it best, thank you! – pacoverflow Nov 5 '14 at 4:14