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Some time in the future, humanity discover a planet which once held an alien civilization. This civilization is long gone now, and only the empty structures remain, a testament to the achievements of their society. By working out the language system the aliens have used, researchers find several references to a temple built in the rocky wastelands, that contains the most sacred doctrines of their people. This is a story about recovering those doctrines.

Ricky: Chris! We have a serious problem!
Chris: What's up?
Ricky: Our map of the rocky wastelands are shredded, and the logs are ruined!
Chris: What map? What logs?
Ricky: (sighing) You don't know about the map, do you? Fine, I'll explain.
Ricky: We have a very strict protocol for exploring the wasteland. We send out groups of men, distinguished by a color, and get them to write logs about where they go, and what landmarks they find. Then, back at base, because we know where they started, we can construct a map showing their starting position and the landmarks they found. Here, I've got an example in my pocket- (rumbles around)

Orange team log:
Travelled 4km north, found a landmark.
Travelled 3km east, found a landmark.
Travelled 5km south, found a landmark.
Travelled 2km east, found a landmark.
Travelled 6km north, found a landmark.
Travelled 3km west, found a landmark.
Travelled 4km south, found a landmark.

Ricky: And sometimes we abbreviate this like so... (scribbles on a piece of paper)

Orange: N4 E3 S5 E2 N6 W3 S4

Ricky: This then allows us to draw a map back at base:

Example map

Chris: Ok, I get that. How is it relevant, though? What happened?
Ricky: Well, yesterday we sent out four teams to survey the area where we thought the temple might be. They all came back, we collected their logs and made a square map. It was late, and I hadn't had much sleep, so I put both the logs and the map in a folder and went to sleep. However, when I woke up - (pauses) - the maps and the logs had been sabotaged.
Chris: It is salvageable?
Ricky: Well, I'm not sure. That's why I came to ask you. You see, the map had been cut in a most mysterious fashion - into twelve identical L shaped pieces. I'll show you - just wait a bit. (dashes out, and comes back with a whole lot of paper)
Ricky: Have a look at this.

The puzzle

Chris: I don't see how those could fit into a square.
Ricky: Some of them have been rotated.
Chris: (slowly) ...oh.
Chris: But surely you can just reconstruct the map using the logs?
Ricky: That's just it. Some of the text off the logs has been removed. I'll show you what's left.

Red: N?,W6,N5,E?,S10,W11,N?,E?,S?,E6
Green: W3,N9,W11,S?,W?,S7,E11,N?,W6,S11
Blue: S2,W?,N2,W8,S?,E4,S7,W?,S3,E?
Purple: E?,N3,E1,S6,E?,N7,W5,S?,W?,N4

Ricky: Those question marks could be anything from 1 to 17, as far as I'm concerned. I don't remember what the numbers were before they were erased!
Chris: It still looks possible to reconstruct it... I think.
Ricky: That would be good, because the green team told us that the last landmark they visited was the temple we were looking for. Oh, you should know one more thing... (trails off)
Chris: What's that?
Ricky: I didn't write the compass directions on there. So I don't know which way is north.
Chris: ...

Can you help Chris reconstruct the map?

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    $\begingroup$ @Levisaxos You're allowed to turn any tiles, including those which have a starting position on them. $\endgroup$ – Tryth Apr 19 '15 at 0:54
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    $\begingroup$ That wouldn't make any sense because why would you draw the starting positions upside down :D $\endgroup$ – Levisaxos Apr 19 '15 at 0:54
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    $\begingroup$ @Levisaxos Shh! The puzzle totally makes perfect sense! $\endgroup$ – Tryth Apr 19 '15 at 1:08
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    $\begingroup$ Sorry, but no... the flags are drawn in a way we can see it properly... the camps are drawn in a way where you can clearly see what their "down point" would have been ... and nobody would draw perfectly square boxes in a map for landmarks... but I will just assume that everything are just figures that have the same setup from whichever angle you look at them (So.. circles!) and come back to you with an answer tomorrow :) $\endgroup$ – Levisaxos Apr 19 '15 at 1:11
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    $\begingroup$ @Levisaxos I probably should have used circles for the icons, but oh well, too late now :) $\endgroup$ – Tryth Apr 19 '15 at 1:13
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The solution is below:

enter image description here

The first tile to place is the one with the blue flag. It must be oriented like an "r" so that it can go south 2 and hit a landmark. It must be in the upper right as it manages to go extreme distances east and south without the possibility of going extreme distances west or north in between.

Simularly one can determine that the tile with the green flag must be on the far right and somewhat down. It must be oriented and positioned where it is or else the additional tiles around it cannot be placed to make the square.

The next major step was to find a pairing of tiles which could allow for landmarks in one of the 8th through 12th columns from left and the 3rd and 5th rows from the top. This was mostly done by process of elimination based on the green and blue paths. Which ever tile bordered the top could not have any landmarks in the 1st row. It could not be positioned as an "L" or there would be space a tile could not fill. It could not be positioned as a "r" or backwards "L" as no tiles fit the bill and did not lead to later complications. When the 1 tile shaped as a backwards "r" with an empty top row was tried, the top left tile was identified. From there, the final tile shapes were pieced together.

When I figured out the final tile arrangement, I assumed the blue path touched the landmark in column 5, row 8 as that was the only way I could see for it to go down 10 more squares after hitting a landmark 4 to the east. The tile with the red flag was the only tile where a landmark was 7 south of the previous blue landmark. This meant I had placed all 4 starting positions. The remaining tiles were added in as the paths were drawn, I can elaborate further if need be but the remaining placements were trivial.

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  • $\begingroup$ Note that positioning the 3rd tile was by far the most difficult step; The best hint for anyone trying to solve this themselves if to note that only 3 tiles can border the top of the map due to the position of the blue flagged tile. This greatly limits the possible arrangements. $\endgroup$ – kaine Apr 19 '15 at 5:14
  • $\begingroup$ This is completely correct. Congratulations for getting through that marathon of a logic puzzle. (Also, your diagram seems to be missing 1 or 2 lines, but the positioning is all correct) $\endgroup$ – Tryth Apr 19 '15 at 5:15
  • $\begingroup$ Sorry about that.... its late....the 2 missing lines I found are included. $\endgroup$ – kaine Apr 19 '15 at 5:19

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