As I was going to St Ives,
I met a man with seven wives.
Each wife had seven sacks,
Each sack had seven cats,
Each cat had seven kits.
Kits, cats, sacks, wives;
How many were going to St Ives?
This is a classic and well-known children's puzzle. This Sesame Street version (1970) (spoiler warning) also includes an excellent rejoinder. But where did the riddle originate?
I know of some related puzzles, for example:
You're driving a bus.
At the first stop, 6 people get on.
At the second stop, 4 people get off.
At the third stop, 9 people get on.
At the fourth stop, 7 people get on and 4 people get off.
What colour are the bus-driver's eyes?
Is there a general term for this type of puzzle (appears to be an arithmetic problem, inviting the listener to engage in more-or-less-tedious calculation, but is actually a trick question)?
What are some more examples?
What's the earliest known puzzle of this type, and where did it originate?
Presumably these exist in languages other than English, what are some examples? (with translations please)
See also: "As I gaed to Stonehaven".
(Also, what are the answers to the puzzles above?).