A semi truck weighing exactly 10,000 pounds gets onto a bridge that is 100 miles long. The bridge's actual weight limit (not the posted limit) is exactly 10,000 pounds; any more will break the bridge. After going about 80 miles down the bridge a small bird lands on the truck. What happens?
(I.E., what happens to the truck and the bridge? I don't care what happens to the small bird or the driver
Here's the version with math that gives away the trick a bit but has less loopholes:
A diesel semi-truck operating at the remarkable fuel economy of 10mpg begins to cross a bridge. At the moment immediately prior to the wheels contacting the bridge surface proper, the total weight of the truck and all its contents is exactly 10,000 pounds. The bridge can hold a maximum of exactly 10,003 pounds without collapsing. After traveling 80 miles along the 100 mile long bridge - all the while with 0 vertical motion whatsoever - an exceptionally large, full-grown male kori bustard lands on the top of the truck. Does the bridge collapse?
Clarifications: (Yes, it's an easy puzzle that's already answered so this isn't required. I'm an engineer, though, and I demand that such things be rigorous. Holes pointed out by you internet people must be mended!)
- The given weight of the truck includes the truck itself as well as all things being carried by the truck such as the cargo, the driver, the driver's breakfast inside their stomach, the fuel, the cardboard box stuck in the axle, all the magical snails that live on the left front axle, etc. It is the weight that would be shown by a scale if the truck was sitting stationary on one at that moment.
- The bridge weight limit given is the actual bridge's limit and not the posted limit.
- For all you people from sane countries in which the metric system feels more natural, feel free to change the units without conversion. For all practical purposes, the question could have a truck of WEIGHT going over a bridge of GREAT LENGTH that has a weight limit of the same WEIGHT and it's traveled 80% of GREAT LENGTH when the bird lands.
- The driver is not consuming or excreting anything besides the air within the cabin which is open to the atmosphere outside the cabin. It is irrelevant if it is open based on open windows or the air conditioning.
- The truck has a diesel engine without any electrical source powerful enough to provide or significantly support locomotion.
- The bridge can be treated as a perfectly rigid object with all stress equally distributed. The total weight it can handle is as posted in the original question.
- During the truck's voyage across the bridge, there are no loads applied to the bridge besides the truck and the eventual landing of the bird. Yes, this means the bridge is the most sanitary outdoor construction of all time as no living things exist upon it's structure.
- The truck weight is taken as the driver has just inhaled a full breath of air. Note that the bird weighs more than the weight of such a breath.
- The bridge is perfectly smooth. The truck experiences no bumps or vibrations of any kind. There is no vertical movement of the truck at any point while traveling the bridge. Magic.